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代写留学生assignment:西班牙流感的影响和具体应对策略

时间:2015-06-14 09:55来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

西班牙流感疫情的影响是从最初的污染开始的,始于9月13日,现在已经广泛传播,相当可怕。今天有超过4500新病例,加州现在超过60000,在此之前的两天,旧金山见证了最糟糕的一天,超过2000新病例的报道中,还有96人已经死亡,西班牙流感病毒已然成为广大市民心中的一块心病。本文就围绕西班牙流感进行分析和阐述,并提出具体的应对策略。
 

The Spanish Influenza Epidemic
 

Los Angeles, October 28--The effects of the Spanish influenza outbreak from its date of original contamination, September 13(1), to now have been widespread and horrific. With more than 4500 new cases being reported today, the total for California is now above 60,000.(7) Not even two days prior to this printing, San Francisco witnessed its worst day, with over 2000 new cases reported accompanied by 96 deaths.(6) The once thought of "army epidemic" now has a firm grip on civilian life.
 

Following a trend set by many East coast cities over a month ago, many public facilities remain closed. Operational theaters and moving picture shows are now quite difficult to find, public schools are said to remain closed until at least November 6, and the City of Los Angeles' Liberty Fair has be postponed indefinitely.(5) Many churches have had to stop congregations and Sunday schools, and generally any unnecessary places of public gatherings have been shut down. Earlier this month the Balloon School in Arcadia tried taking preventative measures by enacting a quarantine of its students to the surrounding cities where no cases of influenza were reported.(3) The ban was lifted on October 5, with the school remaining clear of the epidemic.
 

Employment has been an issue for not only citizens but employers. Many workers are unable to continue duty, while the unemployed are not being hired for fear of contamination. Only two weeks ago a call for civil serviceworkers from Los Angeles to Washington D.C. was halted until the epidemic calms down, not only hurting civilians looking for work but also impairing the United States military machine in its effort to win the war.
 

The specific agent responsible for this outbreak is still unknown, but the symptoms seem to be clear. As quoted from Surgeon General Blue, "The disease has a sudden onset ... people are stricken on the streets, while at work in factories, shipyards, offices, and elsewhere." He continues, saying "First there is a chill, then fever with temperature from 101 to 103, headache, backache, reddening and running of the eyes, pains and aches all over the body, and general prostration." It is commonly suggested that if feeling these symptoms, one should quickly get into bed and isolate oneself, then call a physician. Common advice to prevent infection from this malady has been to stay active, eat well, sleep well, and spend as much time in open spaces as possible as to have the most amount of fresh air around. It is said to contain the stricken to bed at least until their temperature has dropped.(1) At present time physicians are being deployed around the country to places where either the epidemic has not yet been reported or places where there are inadequate facilities or staff to deal with the outbreaks.(4)(责任编辑:BUG)



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