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assignment代写:实情和创作的审查制度

时间:2015-11-17 13:14来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
实情和创作的审查制度
The Facts And Creations Of Censorship
 
在过去的几年中,在美国的审查制度已经有所要求。 审查制度可以追溯到1700年。 据Proques职员说,言论自由权是美国长期的传统,但人们实际上并不尊重言论自由(Proquest员工)。 1798年,约翰·亚当斯签署了一项法案,该法案使其对政府官员没有事实支持的在法庭上的批评是非法的。亚当斯正在审查言论。这件事的发生,没有人能说任何有关政府官员的负面。 根据头,审查的另一个例子是一本约翰·克莱兰德芬妮写的叫做《希尔》的书。
 
这本书写的据说是作者想象中的一个妓女的回忆录。 这本书已经被禁止了145年,在美国最长的禁令的记录。 审查的那个人已经谈到的还有一个例子是在1873年,康斯托克法案允许邮件无证搜查“淫秽材料”1872年,维多利亚哈尔出版了一本关于外遇部长和一个教区居民的书。安东尼•康斯托克有检索到的这本书,维多利亚哈尔被捕。 我们历史上另一个例子是在1921年,纽约社会阻止詹姆斯·乔伊斯的《尤利西斯》的出版,人们引用一个相对温和的场景作为淫秽的证明。这里一本书被审查,这是新闻自由剥夺了作者的权利。 审查部长就解释了很多年之后,在1930年,海斯法典规定禁止电影和暴力,性,脏话,甚至种族和同性关系。 这部法典并不是由政府强制执行的,但是,它是由电影发行商达成的,但是政府审查的威胁是必要的。今天,目前有更多的书籍被禁止在某些领域,比如《哈利波特》,《杀死一只知更鸟》,《黑暗之心》,《1984》,《哈克贝利·费恩历险记》。 这些书被禁止,因为它既包含对共产主义的暴力,甚至促进了撒旦的价值观。 最后,审查制度已经成为许多人生活的一部分。
 
Over the years, censorship has been demanded in the United States. Censorship goes back all the way to the 1700's. According to Proquest Staff, the right to free speech is a longstanding U.S. tradition, but actually respecting the right to free speech is not, (Proquest Staff). In 1798, John Adams had signed a bill that made it illegal to criticize a government official without backing up one's criticisms in court (Head 1). Adams was censoring speech. He made it so that no one can say anything negative about a government official. According to Head, another example of censorship was a book called Fanny Hill by John Cleland, (Head, 1). Fanny
 
Hill was supposedly about what the author imagined what a prostitute's memoirs would sound like. This book has been banned for 145 years, the record for the longest ban in the United States. Another example of censorship Head had talked about was how in 1873, the Comstock Act allowed warrantless searches of the mail for "obscene materials." In 1872, Victoria Woodhull published a book about an affair between a minister and one of the parishioners (Head 1). Anthony Comstock had retrieved this book, and had Woodhull arrested. Another example from our history is in 1921 when the New York Society for the Suppression of Vice blocked the publication of James Joyce's Ulysses, citing a relatively tame scene as proof of obscenity (Head 1). Again here a book is being censored, which is depriving the author's right to freedom of press. Head then explained how a few years pass and in 1930, the Hays Code regulated the filming industry and banned violence, sex, profanity, and even interracial and same-sex relationships. This code was never enforced by the government; however, it was agreed on by film distributors, but the threat of government censorship made it necessary (Head 1). As of today, there are more current books that have been banned in some areas such as Harry Potter, To Kill a Mockingbird, Heart of Darkness, 1984, and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. These books were banned because it either contained violence, references to communism, or even promoted satanic values. In the end, censorship has been a part of many people's lives.(责任编辑:cinq)


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