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城市基础设施的需求与问题及供水工程财务模式的个案研究

时间:2016-02-26 09:17来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

城市基础设施的需求与问题及供水工程财务模式的个案研究
Demand and Issues of Urban Infrastructure and Case Study of The Financial Model For Water Supply Project

RICS最近调查显示只有4%的人想居住在城市地区。这显示了相反的生活标准要求的梦想生活在城市地区。出了什么错误呢?我们知道,吉普赛人能找到水用来解救他们。可以说,无论城市或农村,在任何地方,水是如此重要的一个元素的发展。

在印度30%的人口生活在城市地区,占总GDP(国内生产总值)的60%。与过去的十年相比,人口的增长达到31%,占农村地区的18%。因此有必要提高城市基础设施的公共以及私人干预制度。

创造力是时代的服务产生创意,成为产品和服务。经济低迷的经济优势的新发明也是如此的最大化利润。增加人口的年龄、气候、文化和移民很难冒险需求的城市区域。必须采取的风险控制的需求,政府机构鼓励私人派对卓越服务的基础设施。

开发金融模型供水项目使用“JNNURM工具包”。这可以用于分析性能和可持续性的关系购买力平价的采购方法。

研究了城市基础设施和投资计划的准备。

评估供水服务的可行性。

在城市基础设施PPP的角色。

城市基础设施和实施的治理下需要JNNURM方案。促进可持续投资和创新的购买力平价方法采购提高效率在直辖市级别的警惕。应该给私人派对自由,让他们舒适。

1 Introduction——简介

1.1 Rationale/Background——原理/背景

According to the RICS recent survey only 4% of the people want to live in Urban Area. This shows the reverse in standard of living requirement which was dream of living in the urban area. What has gone wrong? We know that gypsies used to settle were they could find water. It can be said that water is such an important element for development of any place irrespective of urban or rural area.

In India 30% of the total population live in Urban Area and contribute to 60% of the total GDP (Gross Domestic Product). 31% is the increase in the population in last decade compared to 18% in the rural area. So it is necessary to boost urban infrastructure by public as well as private intervention institution.

Creativity is the service of the age that generate Ideas that become product and service. The downturn of the economies has advantage of new invention which is also true in case of maximization profit. With increase in the demographic of ages, climate, cultures and immigration it is difficult to take the risk of demand of the urban area. The risk of controlling the demand must be taken by government agency to encourage the private parties for excellence service in Infrastructure.

1.2 Research Aim and Objective——研究的目的和目标(责任编辑:anne)



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