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市场经济学留学assignment作业案列

时间:2016-04-13 11:40来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
Q1. 根据核心阅读,波兰尼在大转型的中心论点是,有市场经济不脱嵌,完全自发调节。波拉尼(1944),该一方面市场全球扩展被扩展的参数。具体而言,商品在市场上的数量上升到一个令人难以置信的规模。另一方面,为了阻止间劳动力,土地和货币的相对市场行为,相应的措施或政策被演变成各种强大的系统的。波兰尼认为,这种双重行为是双重运动。
According to the core reading, Polanyi’s central thesis in The Great Transformation is that there is no disembeddedand completely spontaneous regulation of market economy.Polanyi (1944) arguments that on the one hand markets were expanded in the global extension. Specifically, the quantity of commodity in markets increased to an unbelievable scale. On the other hand, in order to block the relative market behavior among labor, land and money, the corresponding measures or policy were evolved into a variety of powerful system. Polanyi believes that this double behavior is double movement. 
 
国家干预的过程中,尤其是重商主义的政策,改变了土地的非商业性质,劳动和金钱让他们为虚拟商品是市场自我调节的发展过程。这从根本上扭转了市场与社会之间的真正关系。作为市场的原则,价格机制原本只在经济领域发挥作用。然而,自我调节的市场使其嵌入在社会中。博兰尼(1944)主张传统的经济体制已被淹没在共同的社会关系中。换句话说,商品交易和交易的主要目的是需求。然而,在工业革命和大机器生产时代,最重要的组成部分,劳动,土地和货币,经济市场是“虚拟商品”。然后这个虚构的三成为社会的组织原则,这意味着人类社会必须顺从于经济系统。在其他方面,人们的首要任务是获得利润。在经济和市场操纵下,在所有其他领域的最终经济和社会的所有的行动和活动是有限的。但是,博兰尼认为,双运动不是一个钟摆的平衡,而是逆向游戏破坏了“自我调节”的机制。因此,市场经济没有完全自发的调节。The process of state intervention, especially the mercantilist policies, changed the noncommercial property of land, labor and money to make them into virtual goods is the process of development of self-regulating market. And this fundamentally reverse the real relationship between market and society. As the market principles, price mechanism originally only play a role in economic field. However, self-regulating market make it embedded in society. Polanyi (1944) claims that traditionally economic system has been submerged in the common social relations. In other words, the main purpose of commodity Exchange and transaction is demand. However, in the era of the industrial revolution and the big machine production, the most important component, labour, land and money, of the economy market is "virtual goods". And then this fictional three became the organizational principle of the society, which means that the human society must become subservient to the economic system. In other ways, people's first priority is to obtain profits. In the end economy over all other areas and all the operations and activities in the society is limited by economic and market manipulation. However, Polanyi thinks that double movement is not a pendulum balance, but the reverse games destroy the mechanism of “self-regulation”. Therefore, there is no completely spontaneous regulation of market economy.(责任编辑:anne)


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