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留学生assignment代写:全球化的优势和劣势

时间:2016-12-06 13:23来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
全球化进程不仅包括世界贸易开放,如先进的通讯技术的发展,金融市场的国际化,跨国企业越来越重要,人口迁移和流动人员普遍增加,商品、资本、数据和想法,而且关键的问题,如感染、疾病和污染。
因此,从许多角度的观点,全球化是各国之间的边界,政府、经济和社区,日益自由化和开放的市场,特别是通过对商品和服务以及综合国际金融市场的发展消除贸易壁垒。简化全球化一个学期为增加连接,在理念、资本、商品的过程中,服务和人的跨国界转移。
 
Redding (1999) defines that globalisation as the increasing integration between the markets for goods, services and capital and at the same time the breakdown of borders.
 
Other researcher found that the process of globalisation not only includes opening up of world trade, development of advanced technologies such as communication, internationalisation of financial markets, growing importance of multi-national corporations (MNCs), population migrations and generally increased mobility of persons, goods, capital, data and ideas but also critical problems such as infections, diseases and pollution (Braibant, 2002).
 
Thus, from many point of views, globalisation is seen to be the borders between countries, governments, the economy and communities, increasing liberalization and openness of markets, particularly through the elimination of barriers to trade in goods and services and the development of integrated international financial market. PRUS (2001) simplified the term of globalisation as a process of increasing connectivity, where ideas, capital, goods, services and people are transferred across country borders.
 
Labour and employment 劳动和就业
 
 
Positive Impact 积极影响
 
However, the process of globalisation can bring more jobs opportunities in host country when MNCs move their production operation into developing countries. According to Rama (2003), job creation only will occur in export-processing zones where large amount of work forces are required in order to keep the production running.
 
A good example of jobs creation would be Coca-Cola decided to invest in Malaysia with a new bottling plant, consist of $301 million investment. They stated that this investment will able to create 600 to 800 jobs at the plant with 8,000 jobs connect with local suppliers (Agence France-Presse, 2010).
 
Negative Impact 负面影响
 
Woods (2000) stated that the government of developing countries start to compete with each other by deregulate their policy to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) and multi-national corporations (MNCs). Hence with lower the wages and taxes rates enable the investors to avoid the risk of losing their capital invested in developing country.(责任编辑:BUG)


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