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Tourism Management Assignment:生态旅游在可持续发展中的作用

时间:2017-11-03 15:38来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
如今,在发展中国家,生态旅游被用作促进可持续发展的极好工具。这对当地社区创造环境、经济和社会效益是非常有益的。生态旅游是当今许多旅游规划师和营销者进行的。生态旅游的重要方面是适当的规划和实施。在规划不当的情况下,它将所有的经济利益转化为社会和环境灾难。生态旅游已经成为一种世界性的现象,没有减缓的迹象。尽管它不是实现可持续发展的普遍补救办法,但其促进可持续发展的潜力值得相当重视。本文旨在分析生态旅游在哥斯达黎加实现可持续发展中的作用。
 
Nowadays in developing countries, ecotourism is used as an excellent tool for promoting sustainable development. It is very beneficial for local communities creating environmental, economic and social benefits. Ecotourism is carried out by many tourism planners and marketers nowadays. The important aspect involved in ecotourism is its proper planning and implementation. In the case of improper planning it converts all the economic gains into social and environmental disasters. Ecotourism has gained popularity developed into a worldwide phenomenon showing no signs of slowing down. Even though it is not a universal remedy for attaining sustainable development, its potential towards promoting sustainable development deserves considerable attention. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the impact of ecotourism in attaining sustainable development in Costa Rica.
 
Ecotourism
 
The concept of ecotourism was well identified in 1960's by Hetzer who contributed to this by identifying four principles of ecotourism. They are minimizing environmental impacts, respecting host cultures, maximizing benefits to local communities & maximizing tourist satisfaction. Ecotourism is an integration of social, environmental and economical benefits meeting both human and environmental needs. One of the major causes for the evolution of ecotourism is the dissatisfaction with mass tourism creating over development, pollution and foreign investment. According to International Ecotourism Society (2004) Ecotourism is a "Responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and sustains the well-being of local people".
 
Sustainable Development
 
The term sustainable development received international recognition in 1980's. In 1987, Bruntland commission defined sustainable development as "Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs". It is a combination of social, economical and environmental development.
 
Ecotourism & Sustainable Development
 
It is nothing but sustainable tourism. In 1995 World Trade Organization stated in Agenda 21 that "Sustainable tourism development meets the needs of present tourists and host regions while protecting and enhancing opportunity for the future". Sustainable tourism involves a number of principles in it. Sustainable development is not the only goal of ecotourism, but sustainable development is very important for achieving the goal of ecotourism.(责任编辑:BUG)


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