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留学生论文范文:越南培训和发展Training And Development In Vietnam

时间:2015-10-27 17:51来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
留学生论文范文:越南培训和发展Training And Development In Vietnam

第一章 引言
研究背景
越南是今年来经济发展最快最瞩目的国家之一。随着越来越开放的国家政策,经济发展开始进入转型期。1986年,“大同小异”经济改革开始,对越南的经济做出了突破。它把越南从无市场经济带到了自由市场经济。2007年1月11日,越南成为世界贸易组织(WTO)官方第150个成员。这一天被认为是“国家历史的一天”。加入WTO,越南似乎将接受更激烈的竞争,但竞争会让经济更有活力。此外,它会创建一个动态的、具有挑战性的环境,当地企业将升级他们的操作技术和管理工作,以释放这个国家自然和人力资源的巨大潜力。
事实上,越南有8千万人口。拥有大量劳动力似乎是越南等发展中国家的竞争优势,尤其是在吸引外国直接投资方面。然而,这种优势是带欺骗性的,当机械企业使用和开发技术变得流行,竞争力取决于人力资源的质量。问题是,越南正在丧失其竞争力。在2009 - 2010年全球竞争力报告,越南从第70位降至第75位。另外,教育系统的质量是最糟糕的一个元素。教育和培训的质量差使得越南劳动力有弱点和局限性。每年,有很高比例的学生因为缺乏知识和技能从大学毕业后找工作非常困难,。
 
Chapter 1 Introduction
研究背景 The background of the study
Vietnam is one of the countries which have the fastest and the most impressive growing economies in recent years. It is a transitional economy and is developing more and more with an open door government policy. In 1986, "Doi Moi" economic reform was initiated and made a breakthrough for the economy of Vietnam. It transferred Vietnam from socialist-oriented market economy to the free-market economy. On 11 January 2007, Viet Nam became the official 150th member of World Trade Organisation (WTO). The day was considered as “a historic day for the country". Joining the WTO, Vietnam seems to accept increased competition, and competition will make the economy more dynamic. Moreover, it creates a dynamic and challenging environment for local organizations to upgrade their operations both technologically and managerially, in order to unlock the immense potential of the country’s natural and human resources. (Mcneil et al, 1999). However, using the national human resource in effectiveness way seems to be not simple. It could be a challenge for any countries.
 
In fact, Vietnam has the population which is more than eighty million (Vietnam general statistic office, 2010). It supplies a large labor force which seems to be a competitive advantage for a developing country like Vietnam, especially in attracting FDI (T. Le, 2007). However, this advantage is passing off in current situation. When using and development of technology, machinery in enterprises becomes popular, the competitiveness depends on human resource quality. Sadly, Vietnam is losing its competitive capability. In the Global Competitiveness Report 2009-2010, Vietnam is down five positions from 70th to 75th, in which the quality of education system is one of the worst elements. In reality, the poor quality in education and training prevent the country from developing. Vietnam labor force has weaknesses and limitations. Every year, a high percentage of students graduated from universities have difficulties in finding a job because of lacking knowledge and skills. According to a report by the HCMC Department of Labor, War Invalids, and Social Affairs, only around one third of the enterprises in the countries are satisfied with the qualifications of their new recruits (Saigon Times Weekly, 2002c). It seems that the higher education in Vietnam which is in old equipment and passive method could not satisfy the real market demand of high quality and skilled human resource in the period of development (Kamoche, 2001). Besides, proportion of employees who are trained in working is just 20% (Vietnam Ministry of Labour, Invalid and Social Affair, 2006). Duc Vuong (2008) argued that the staff training is required more caring in developing countries. As low labor cost is considered as an absolute advantage of labor-intensive economy but not high- tech or capital-intensive ones (Vietnam Ministry of Labour, Invalid and Social Affair, 2006). Hence, economies and business need to improve the training and development of employees.(责任编辑:cinq)


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