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投资基础设施的重要性the importance of infrastructure investment

时间:2015-11-01 09:29来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
投资基础设施的重要性the importance of infrastructure investment

1.第一章-引言
1.1理论基础研究
      '基础设施构成了英国的经济支柱。织物定义了我们作为一个现代工业化国家。在英国,基础设施的标准和弹性直接关系我国经济的增长和竞争力' (Skinner, 2010)
      '英国需要保持其竞争优势,基础设施投资的长期视图必须领导政治决策'
      本文提供了一个去探索和研究一种重大问题的机会。英国发现自己仍然处于近年来最严重的经济衰退和财政巩固的时期。由于经济低迷的情况下, 英国必须做出艰难决定并让所有部门共同努力,推动国家走出经济衰退。
      最近财政大臣公布的经济财政战略报告和财务预算,突出了措施的实施对促进可持续发展的重要性。尽管普遍的共识是英国在经济复苏的早期阶段GDP在2009年最后一个季度(NSO,2010)会缓慢增长0.4%。
2010年预算,则称为“确保经济复苏”,报告轮廓旨在支持这一设想。政策之一就是是“投资于基础设施,包括为当地交通和道路提供额外的资金并创建一个绿色投资银行。”(英国预算,2010)
 
1. Chapter 1 - Introduction
1.1 Rationale for the Study理论基础研究
 
“Infrastructure forms the economic backbone of the UK. It is the fabric that defines us as a modern industrialised nation. The standard and resilience of infrastructure in the UK has a direct relationship to the growth and competitiveness of our economy.” (Skinner, 2010)
 
“For the UK to retain its competitive edge, a longer-term view of investment in infrastructure must lead policy making.” (Stewart, 2009)
 
This dissertation offers an opportunity to explore and research a highly topical issue. The United Kingdom finds itself still in the midst of one of the worst economic downturns in recent memory and in a period of fiscal consolidation. As a result of this depressed economic situation, difficult decisions have had to be made by all sectors within the UK to work together to drive the country out of the recession.
 
The recent edition of the Economic and fiscal Strategy Report and Financial Statement and budget by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, highlights the importance of implementing measures that will promote sustainable growth. Despite modest growths to GDP of 0.4 per cent in the final quarter in 2009 (NSO, 2010), the general consensus is that the United Kingdom is in the early stages of recovery. The 2010 budget, called ‘Securing the recovery’, outlines ways in which it aims to support this vision. One of these policies, is to “invest in infrastructure, including additional funding for transport and local roads and creating a Green Investment bank.” (UK Budget, 2010)
 
Also, the Eddington Report, published on 1 Dec 2006, was a study jointly commissioned by the Secretary of State for Transport and the Chancellor of the Exchequer. Its role was to analyse the long-term relationships, within the boundaries of the Government’s wider commitment to sustainable development, between transport and the UK's growth, stability and economic productivity. The findings of this study will be discussed and compared to the investment required to meet the future demands of the UK.(责任编辑:cinq)


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