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外商直接投资

时间:2016-04-21 09:37来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

外商直接投资
Foreign direct investment


外商直接投资(以下简称外商直接投资)是当今全球经济高度关注的重要组成部分之一。在过去几十年中,外国直接投资对发展中国家的巨大增长已经引起了经济学界和金融界的巨大兴趣。已经进行了大量的研究,目的是实证研究什么促使企业参与跨国投资和激励国家进行不同的政策改革和其他措施,追求吸引外国直接投资。外商直接投资的研究表明,外商直接投资可以从不同的方式提高受体国家的发展,即使外国企业不提供外部性。外国直接投资对接受国的好处不明确。外国直接投资被视为一个国家的经济困境的解决方案,提供最需要的外国资本,促进东道国的经济活动。根据Goldberg(2000),外商直接投资导致外国企业的技术和其他技能向当地企业转移。这是通过外国直接投资,如资金,管理,技术和人才等,提供给东道国的补充资源。这些资源可以刺激东道国的现有的经济活动,鼓励内部竞争,提高国家产出水平。

外国生产商主要是认为有利于东道国公民通过引入各种优质的质量和更低的价格的新产品进入国内市场。最重要的是,外国直接投资是一个受援国的渠道进入国际金融市场,赚取外汇。作为外国实体在整个东道国在不同地点和相对较高的工资率建立业务单元,外国直接投资创造了大量的就业机会。向后联系和溢出效应在外商直接投资接受国享有的好处中是次要的。


CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION——第一章:介绍


1.1 INTRODUCTION——简介

Foreign Direct Investment (henceforth FDI) is one of the most important integral parts of todays highly talked about global economy. The enormous growth of FDI towards developing countries over the past few decades has ignited a huge interest from researchers in both economics and finance fields. A number of studies have been undertaken with the aim to empirically examine what motivates firms to be involved in cross-border investments and what motivates countries to undertake different policy reforms and other measures in pursuit of attracting FDI. There is a consensus among FDI researchers that FDI can improve the recipient country's development in various ways even when foreign firms do not provide externalities. The benefits of FDI to recipient countries are not ambiguous. FDI is seen as a solution to a country's economic woes by providing the most needed foreign capital that boosts the economic activities of a host country. According to Goldberg (2000), FDI leads to transfer of technology and other skills from foreign firms to local firms. It is through FDI that supplementary resources such as capital, management, technology and personnel become available to host countries. These resources may stimulate existing economic activities in a host country, encourage internal competition, and raise the level of national output.(责任编辑:anne)



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