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留学生经济学论文:经济增长效应

时间:2016-08-19 19:33来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
留学生经济学论文:经济增长效应
The Effect Of Economic Growth
 
简单的经济学解释说,有一定的宏观经济目标,每一个经济体都应该寻求实现。这些措施包括充分就业、价格稳定、收支平衡和经济增长。然而,世界经济的排名这些目标之前,自己,这取决于这种经济发展水平。
例如,显而易见的是,尼日利亚中央银行在过去的时间内投资的稳定价格水平的政策措施。这在很大程度上是有一个增长可以增加和减少失业的手段之一。换句话说,对就业水平等宏观经济目标之间的增加是一个重要的目标在许多发展中国家,失业和未充分利用的资源导致了贫困率上升。
 
Nigeria is an economy characterized by several policies which are aimed at correcting adverse conditions limiting its growth and possibly its survival as a nation. Some of these policies however lack good formation, implementation and monitoring. This is evident even in current policies of power transformation, foreign direct investment encouragement and other past plans and programmes of the government.
 
Simple economics explains that there are certain macroeconomic objectives that every economy should seek to achieve. These include full employment, price stability, balance of payment equilibrium and economic growth. Economies of the world however rank these objectives prior to themselves, depending on the level of development of such economy.
 
For example, it is evident that the Central Bank of Nigeria had in time past invested its policy measures on stabilizing the price level. This to a large extent is described has one of the means by which growth can be increased and unemployment reduced. In other words, the goal of increasing the level of employment among other macroeconomic objectives is an important one in many developing nations where unemployment and underutilization of resources has led to rising rate of poverty.
 
Given that there are several visions and continuous establishment of agencies and parastatals within the Nigerian economy more than other nations of the world, the achievement of impressive growth and acceptable employment level remains in prospect. High rate of unemployment, unimpressive growth rates and poverty among other miseries of the populace, are the order of the day.
 
Facts gotten from publications for the Nigerian economy as analyzed by Adebayo and Ogunrinola, 2006 and the National Bureau of Statistics 2010(NBS), shows a high rate of unemployment and underemployment, for instance, the rate of unemployment was 12% in March 2005; it rose to 19.7% in March 2009 while the rate of underemployment was around 19% in 1998.
 
This rate of unemployment can be considered high based on the overall performance of the Nigerian economy as at that time. As a matter of emphasis, among the youths in the 15-24 age brackets, the rate of unemployment was observed to be over 40% according to the 2010 edition of the Labour Force Sample Survey of the National Bureau of Statistics.(责任编辑:BUG)


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