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孟加拉国的物价工资与失业-英国经济专业留学论文代写范文

时间:2016-08-29 18:11来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
孟加拉国的物价工资与失业-英国经济专业留学论文代写范文
Price Wages And Unemployment In Bangladesh 
 
由于孟加拉是社会主义经济的国有化行业独立后,经验丰富的企业家、管理者、管理者、工程师或技术员缓慢的成长。因为战时中断必要的粮食和其他主食的关键短缺。外汇资源是稀少的,与银行和货币系统并不可靠的。虽然孟加拉国有大量的劳动力,巨大的石油储量少,工人大多是文盲,并且技术不熟练,就业不足的商业开发的工业资源,天然气缺乏。
 
孟加拉国的领导人开始把注意力转向开发新的工业能力。这些早期领导人所采取的稳定的经济模式,包括许多工业部门的国有化导致了经济效率低下和经济停滞。从1975年底开始,政府逐渐为私营部门参与经济提供了更大的机会。许多国有企业已经私有化,银行、电信、航空、媒体等一系列其他重要部门已经私有化。
 
Since Bangladesh followed a socialist economy by nationalizing all industries after its independence, a slow growth of experienced entrepreneurs, managers, administrators, engineers, or technicians underwent. There were critical shortages of essential food grains and other staples because of wartime disruptions. Foreign exchange resources were minuscule, and the banking and monetary system was unreliable. Although Bangladesh had a large work force, the vast reserves of less trained workers were largely illiterate, unskilled, and underemployed commercially exploitable industrial resources, except for natural gas, were lacking.
 
Bangladeshi leaders slowly began to turn their attention to developing new industrial capacity. The steady economic model adopted by these early leaders, however-including the nationalization of much of the industrial sector-resulted in inefficiency and economic stagnation. Beginning in late 1975, the government gradually gave greater opportunity to private sector participation in the economy. Many state-owned enterprises have been privatized, with banking, telecommunication, aviation, media, jute including a range of other vital sectors have been privatized.
 
From 1991 to 1993, the government successfully followed an enhanced structural adjustment facility (ESAF) with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) but failed to follow through on reforms in large part because of preoccupation with the government's domestic political troubles.
 
Bangladesh historically has run a large trade deficit, financed largely through aid receipts and remittances from workers overseas. Foreign reserves dropped markedly in 2001 but stabilized in the USD3 to USD4 billion ranges. In January 2007, reserves stood at $3.74 billion and they increased to $5.8 billion by January 2008, in Nov 2009 it surpassed $10.0 billion according to the Bangladesh Bank.(责任编辑:BUG)


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