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经济学留学生论文范文|腐败经济的影响

时间:2016-11-18 09:02来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
腐败的影响超出了行贿和经济效益低,主要影响低资金基础设施施工质量差是由于建设涉及大量的复杂的,非标准的活动,质量评估很难。项目可以涉及众多的投资者,客户,顾问工程师,建筑师和主要承包商。虽然工作转包给当地企业,大型建设项目经常吸引国际承包商。他们在那里有好的单位的建设成本,看来他们是有时可用一般腐败的措施,腐败的经济学的方法提出了一个额外的洞察力可以有比行贿方式避免例如竞标过程腐败更糟糕的事情相关,将所有合同的唯一来源一个单一的公司但这不太可能提高整体发展的成果。这可以很差,说明了建设确实的证据,我们对该行业的高腐败成因的实证知识是非常有限的。我们可以说,更多的富裕国家似乎有更少的腐败承包许可和许可程序的平均水平。
 
Construction industry is corrupt or is it; looking at the mentioned industry we see that it is the most booming industry. The sector role in economic development is undeniable for things like housing, roads, hospitals, school and most utility networks
 
METHODOLOGY 方法论
 
The impact of corruption goes beyond bribe payment to poor quality construction of infrastructure with low economic returns alongside low funding for maintenance and the major impact of corruption is felt Construction involve large ,complex ,non-standard activities in which quality can be very hard to assess. Project can involve a multitude of players the client, consultant engineer and architect and main contractor. The large construction projects frequently attract international contractors although much of the works is subcontracted to local firms. Where we have good units for the cost for the price of construction, it appears that they are sometimes correlated with available general corruption measures An economic approach to corruption suggests an additional insight there can be worse things than a bribe payment One way to avoid corruption in competitive bid processes for example, would be to sole source all contract to a single firm but this would be unlikely to improve overall development outcomes .This can be very poorly illustrated by evidence from construction indeed, our empirical knowledge about the causes of high corruption in the sector is extremely limited. All we can say some certainty is that more wealthy countries appear to have less corrupt contracting permitting and licensing procedures on average, but even here there is significant variation between countries at similar income.
 
CONCLUSION 结论
 
Governments are and will remain major regulators of infrastructure services and consumers of construction services. Reducing unnecessary activities of the government in the sector may play a role in controlling corruption, but improving governance will remain central to any effort to reduce the development impact of corruption in construction industry. Our knowledge- base regarding effective interventions to reduce corruption is limited, in considerable part because the act is usually well hidden(责任编辑:BUG)


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