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留学生经济学论文:美国股票市场与GDP分析

时间:2017-10-27 15:09来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
股份,有时称为股本,是对公司的部分所有权或控股权的要求。
最初,一家公司的原始所有者出售他们的股票以获得更多的资金来资助公司的扩张,这可以说是因为所有者向股东出售公司所有权的一部分。这是被称为首次公开发行(IPO)。股票上市后,股票可以通过股票市场上的股东进行出售和转售,目的是通过股票的价格差异获取盈利。
股票的价格是通过证券交易所如纳斯达克的交易决定,标准普尔500指数和道琼斯工业平均指数。一般来说,股票价格反映了投资者对公司未来收益的预期,从而反映了未来的经济增长。
 
Stock Prices
Definition
Stock (or share) which is sometimes known as equity is a claim to partial ownership or holdings of a firm.
 
Initially, the original owners of a firm sell their shares or stock to gain additional funds to finance the firm expansion which can be said as the owners sell part of the ownership of the firm to the stockholders. This is known as the Initial Public Offering (IPO). After the IPO, the stocks can be sold and resold by the stockholders in the stock market with the aim of gaining profitable returns through the price differences of the stock.
 
Stock prices are determined through trading on a stock exchange such as NASDAQ, S&P 500 and DJIA. Generally, stock prices reflect investor expectations for future corporate earnings and thus reflect for future economic growth.
 
The Origin of the Stock Market
The stock market originated in Europe prior the industrial revolution in the 1700s. Many traders in the market wished to make investment in huge businesses but this could not be affordable with a single trader. Thus, they gathered their funds together to invest in a new business as partners (Grazian, 2008). This is similar to the practice of shares nowadays and has inspired the origin of the stock market.
 
In the beginning, the stock market trading started on an informal note. The traders met at coffeehouse which was used as a market place in the 1700s. The first exchange was created in Philadelphia during 1800 and in New York during 1817 and finally the trading rules were formed (Grazian, 2008).
 
In the United States, the first stock exchange took place in Philadelphia over 220 years ago which was known as the “Board of Brokers” and the Board met at the coffeehouse. The Board of Brokers was later changed into the Philadelphia Stock Exchange in 1875 and it is now included in NASDAQ as NASDAQ OMX PHLX. The market became more structured without manipulative auctions and a fair commission structure was formed. The group of stock brokers was reorganized and known as the “New York Stock and Exchange Board” in 1817 (Terrell, 2006).(责任编辑:BUG)


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