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中国的经济发展 Development of China's Economics

时间:2018-01-18 21:29来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
中国是绝对的经济大国,国民生产总值仅次于美国。尽管在过去的几十年中显着的经济发展,中国仍然是一个发展中国家。
中国是世界上人口最多的国家,拥有13亿人口。预计印度在未来二十年赶超中国。在人均GDP方面中国位居世界第一百,3700美元,国家归入中等收入和低收入水平的国家。中国是在发达世界的大部分而言,人均自然资源占有量,在某些情况下,甚至远低于世界平均水平。其淡水储量仅为世界平均水平的1/3,煤炭消费量为1/2,天然气为1/5。此外,1亿5000万的人口陷入贫困,每天生活费不足1美元。这个国家有8300万残疾人。世界上仅次于印度的第二大贫困人口,减贫仍然是一项根本挑战。
 
 
Table of Contents
 
1. Is China a developing country?
 
2. Theories/ Models of Growth and Development Applied on China
 
2.1. Rostow’s Stages of Growth
 
2.2. The Harrod-Domar Model Growth Model
 
2.3. Lewis’s Theory of Development
 
2.4. Structural Change and Pattern of Development
 
2.5. International Dependence Revolution
 
2.6. Neoclassical Counterrevolution
 
2.7. Coordination Failure and the Big Push
 
3. Poverty in China
 
3.1. Headcount Index & Gini Co-efficient
 
3.2. Poverty Gap
 
3.3. Poverty Trend & Analysis
 
4. Bibliography
 
5. Word Count:
 
1. Is China a developing country?
China is a big economy in absolute terms, with GNP second only to the United States. Despite its remarkable economic development over the past decades, China remains a developing nation.
 
China is the world's most populous country, with a population of 1.3 billion in 2011. It's not far behind India, which contains 1.2 billion people and is predicted to overtake China in the next two decades. China ranks below the 100th place in the world in terms of per capita GDP, which is 3700 US dollars and the country is classified among middle and low income level countries. China is behind the majority of the developed world in terms of per capita possession of natural resources, in some cases, even far below the world's average. Its fresh water reserve is only 1/3 of the world’s average, coal consumption 1/2 and natural gas 1/5. Moreover, a population of 150 million is caught in poverty and, is living on less than 1 US dollar a day. 83 million people are living with disabilities in the country. With the second largest number of poor in the world after India, poverty reduction remains a fundamental challenge. (WorldBank, 2014)(责任编辑:charlie)


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