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国际关系essay-英美政体比较-Comparison of the United Kingdom and the Unite

时间:2015-08-31 18:06来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

国际关系essay:Comparison of the United Kingdom and the United States system of government

To the political system is concerned, all western countries are a parliamentary democracy, a multiparty system and separation of powers system. However, the organization in specific and different countries have their own characteristics, which are most representative of the U.S. presidential model, the United Kingdom, Germany, parliamentary cabinet system model and the French semi-presidential model.
Analysis and comparison of the U.S. presidential system and the similarities and differences between the British monarchy. Constitutional monarchy and democratic capitalist republic is a form of organization of state power, the state system they have in common is the same, all the bourgeois dictatorship. But not the same form of government, monarchy is hereditary head of state of a political system, since ancient times. However, in countries where the bourgeois constitutional monarchy, the hereditary monarch is the symbolic head of state, his powers limited by the Constitution, is the rule rather than the virtual system Chun. The bourgeoisie as the main body of the Parliament is the supreme authority, the Cabinet responsible to Parliament, such as the United Kingdom. Republic is the head of state elected a political system, but also since ancient times. In modern times, the bourgeois democratic republic divided into two parliamentary and presidential systems. Presidential democratic republic, that the president elected, the President is both head of state, government leaders, but also the country's armed forces commander, the executive power concentrated in the President, the President decided to domestic and foreign policies, with very broad powers, such as the U.S..
There are some main reasons for difference between British and American system of government: First English bourgeois revolution, the bourgeoisie with the mian contradiction is the contradiction between the feudal ruling class. But in the U.S., the contradiction is between the bourgeoisie with the colonial rulers. So their social contradictions are different. Second the development of capitalism needs a stable external environment, the British has the monarch, while American was in colonial rule, the feudal class doesn’t have the same power as Britain. The early days of war continue so the rule requires a relatively concentrated form, therefore Britain is a constitutional monarchy, and United States is the President of the republic. Last objectively, the English bourgeois revolution is earlier, but power of the bourgeoisie is limited, the bourgeois constitutional monarchy is a compromise on the feudal forces. In the United States, after a period of the bourgeois revolution and capitalist development, it have strength and growth, if the King also set in the United States, he must would be overturned.
Britain is a constitutional monarchy, the United States is a republic, because the United States does not own a separate monarch as their sovereign, so after independence the monarchy was not appear. United States presidential system, the president heads the cabinet, the United Kingdom is a parliamentary, prime minister heads the cabinet, the cabinet responsible to parliament. Since before independence in the United States, stationed in the colonies by the British Governor, there are representatives of the Governor and the local people-member parliament, the colonial government management of the main by the Governor, when most European countries the king is still head the cabinet, so the natural continuation after independence, the United States This form of organization, the Governor replaced by the president. The UK because many times the nobility and the bourgeoisie to seize power, the king's powers are limited, parliamentary strength has been enhanced. (责任编辑:BUG)



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