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留学生essay参考范文:Airport Privatisation Challenges Way Forward Economics Essay

时间:2015-09-01 10:31来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
留学生essay参考范文:Airport Privatisation Challenges Way Forward Economics Essay
机场私有化

 
机场是国际航空运输协会及其成员航空公司的主要合作伙伴。没有机场,航空公司没有业务。没有航空公司,机场没有业务。对于国际航空运输协会来说,机场不管是公共所有权还是私人所有权都不是核心问题。关键因素是,不管机场的所有权结构是怎样的,机场都可以满足航空公司需要的成本和服务水平。因此,决定私有化机场,框架到位必须受益行业和它的客户。私有化机场不应该为了政府简单地视为一个短期的提高收入的途径。它必须被视为经济发展的长期愿景的一部分。
 
航空运输产业若要以可持续的方式来满足日益增长的未来需求,新机场投资能力以及更有效地使用现有的能力是至关重要的。如果我们要成功应对这一挑战,航空公司和机场私人部门以及公共部门之间的一个透明合作关系是很重要的。
 
Airport Privatisation Challenges Way Forward Economics Essay
 
Airports are key partners for IATA and its Member airlines. Without airports, airlines have no business. Without airlines, the airports have no business. For IATA, whether an airport is in public or private ownership is not the central question. The key factor is that an airport can deliver the cost and service levels that airlines require, regardless of the airport's ownership structure. Therefore, where a decision is taken to privatise an airport, the framework put in place must benefit both the industry and its customers. Privatising airports should not be viewed simply as a short-term revenue raising option for governments. It must be seen as part of a long-term vision for economic development.
 
Investment in new airport capacity - along with more efficient usage of existing capacity - is essential if the air transport industry is to meet future growth in demand in a sustainable way. A transparent partnership between airlines and private sector or public sector airports is important if we are to meet this challenge successfully.
 
Privatisation, as a policy, began in 1982 with the sale to individual investors of 51% of British Telecom, which launched a radical change in public policy in Britain and around the world.
 
BAA, in the UK, was the first major airport privatisation with a full floatation of its shares in 1987.
 
Airports have until recently been under full Government ownership. This remains the case in the United States where airports are owned by local government and financed mainly through ticket and fuel taxes and bond issues, with airlines owning and operating their own terminals. However, European governments in particular, and increasingly those in Asia-Pacific and Latin America, have privatised many of their larger airports.(责任编辑:BUG)


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