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Tourism Essay:旅游业如何应对气候变化

时间:2015-10-27 17:16来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
气候变化对旅游业的影响
Effects Of Climate Change On Tourism Tourism Essay

旅游是一种产业,有利于世界经济。事实上,一些国家的经济的大部分收入来自旅游业。个人收入的增加和不同国家的景点推广,已经造成了该行业增长。它的增长对于缓解交通也起到了推波助澜的作用,越来越难以到达的目的地为了方便使用,从而构建了机场。有了机场,游客可以到达遥远的地区,并且享受当地的美景。那些来自寒冷的地方将寻求温暖的位置在相同或不同的大陆。例如,北欧人会去坐落在南方的国家,如西班牙和意大利,利用那里温暖的气候。其他人甚至去了东南亚那么远的地方,或者加勒比的海滩或珊瑚礁(Bigano et al. 2005, p. 1)。

在过去的几年里,全球变暖对气候的影响已经受到越来越多的关注。世界各地,气候变化越来越明显,导致在不同的国家出现洪水泛滥和极端气温的现象。天气已经变得不可预测,这意味着夏季可以延长或冬季可能会比平常更长的时间。这些天气的干扰及其对环境的影响对旅游业非常重要。旅游业依赖于可预测性的季节为了吸引想体验不同与季节有关的活动的旅行者。那些爱滑雪的人会去滑雪小屋,而水爱好者会在夏季去海滩。但由于气候变化,旅游业受到了各种方式的影响。气候变化可能会直接或间接地影响当地的目的地,为了行业的蓬勃发展,这需要保持他们对外国游客的吸引。


Tourism is an industry that contributes to the world economy. In fact, some countries' economies derive most of their revenues from tourism. The increase in individual income and the promotion of different countries of their attractions have caused the industry to grow. Its growth is also fueled by the ease of transportation as more and more hard-to-reach destinations have constructed airports for easier access. With airports, tourists find it possible to reach far-flung areas and enjoy the beauty of the local places. Those who come from cold places would seek warmer locations in the same or different continent. The Northern Europeans, for instance, would go to the nations in the south, like Spain and Italy, to take advantage of the warmer climate. Others would even go so far as Southeast Asia or the Caribbean for their beaches or coral reefs (Bigano et al. 2005, p. 1).

In the past several years, there has been a growing concern over the effect of global warming on the climate. All around the world, climate changes are becoming more evident, causing flooding and extreme temperatures in different nations. Weather patterns have become unpredictable, which means that summer periods could be extended or winter may be longer than usual. These disturbances in the weather and their impact on the environment are significant to the tourism industry. The tourism industry is dependent on the predictability of the season in order to attract travelers who want to experience different activities related to the season. Those who love skiing would visit ski lodges while the water enthusiasts are going to beaches during summer. But with climate changes, the tourism industry is affected in various ways. Climate changes can directly or indirectly affect the local destinations, which need to retain their appeal to foreign visitors in order for the industry to flourish.(责任编辑:cinq)



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