返回首页

并购项目的关键成功因素

时间:2016-01-23 20:54:14 来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

并购项目的关键成功因素
Critical Success Factors In Merger And Acquisition Projects


介绍这一建议的论文将解释并购的关键成功因素的概念,并将调查咨询公司如何帮助并购及其观点。印度国家银行短时间下的组织。目的是启发读者对问题公式化,文学的简短回顾,目的和目标,最后所示这个提议的研究方法、数据收集方法、数据分析和结论。

这篇文章的目的是将论文的主题看在景点的相关问题上的研究。文献综述旨在探索主题“关键成功因素的并购项目并购咨询公司”的观点。这一提案将被分为两个部分。

并购和并购咨询公司

项目的关键成功因素

项目的关键成功因素结果是关心并购项目的关键成功因素的并购咨询公司。

并购的申请继续经历戏剧性的增长。破纪录的大型并购已经成为常见的地方。事实上,虽然大型合并用于主要是一个美国现象,当前的第五次并购浪潮成为真正的国际并购。从1990年代开始,一直持续到下一个十年中,一些最大的并购发生在欧洲。这是强调的事实最大的交易之一是德国公司的敌意收购英国公司。不仅是经济增长的原因在世界各地大量的交易。

The introduction of this Proposal as well the dissertation will explain the concept of critical success factors in mergers and acquisition and will investigate how an advisory firm can help in mergers and acquisition and its perspective. . A short case organization State Bank of India will be made. The aim is to enlighten the reader about the problem formulation, the brief review of literature, aims and objectives and finally will the research methodology, data collection method, data analysis and conclusion will shown in this proposal.

Literature review——文献综述

The essay aims at seeing the in and out sights of what the research will be on the related issues around the thesis of the topic. The literature review aims at exploring the topic “Critical Success Factors for Mergers and Acquisition Projects in the View of Merger and Acquisition Advisory Firms”. This proposal will be divided into two parts.

Mergers and Acquisitions and Mergers and Acquisition advisory firms

Critical success factors for the projects

The upshot of the review is the intention to develop the knowledge based on the gap which will be recognized through this review. The upshot is concerned with the critical success factors for Mergers and Acquisition projects in the view of Mergers and Acquisition advisory firms.

The filed of mergers and acquisition continues to experience dramatic growth. Record breaking mega mergers have become common place. Indeed, while mega mergers used to be mainly an American phenomenon; the current fifth merger wave became truly international merger period. Starting in the 1990s and continuing into next decade, some of the largest mergers and acquisition took place in Europe. This was underscored by the fact that the largest deal of all time was hostile acquisition of a German company by British firm. Economic growth was not only the reason for the large volume of deals throughout the world. Deregulation in Europe and the development of a common European economy also played a role. Nation such as Canada and Australia also exhibited a pronounced higher volume of deals. The picture in Asia is however was different. Here, restructuring and downsizing were more common place as the Asian economy remained week. Companies in Japan and Korea, long protected by their highly regulated economic structures, now had consider bankruptcy and others forms of restructuring as the means of working out their economic difficulties.(Gaughan, 2002).

Moreover, it has been highlighted that mergers and acquisition fail due to negligence at different levels during pre, post and due diligence period of the process. Thus this project would provide the development of mergers framework to facilitate the merger and acquisition process in the banking industry. (Cartwright & Cooper, 1993).

There are several reasons for those firms might engage in mergers and acquisition. One of the most common motives in expansion. Acquiring a company in a line of business or geographic area into which the company may want to expand can be quicker than internal expansion. An acquisition of a particular company may provide certain synergistic benefits for the acquirer, such as when two lines of business complement one another. A financial factor motivates some mergers and acquisition. For example, an acquirer’ financial analysis may reveal that the target is undervalued. That is, the value of the buyer may be significantly in excess of the market value of the target, even the premium that is normally associated with changes in control is added to the acquisition price. Other motive, such as tax motives, also plays a role in an acquisition Decision (Gaughan, 2007).

Mergers and acquisition, by which two companies are combined to achieve certain strategic and business objectives, are transactions of great significance, not only to the workers, managers’ competitors, communities and the economy. Their success or failure has enormous consequences for shareholders and lenders as well as the above constituencies. (Sudarsanam, 2003).

Mergers & Acquisition and Mergers & Acquisition Advisory Firms——合并和收购和兼并和收购咨询公司

This proposal as well as the Dissertation of Mergers and Acquisition (M&A) has brought into being in the literature since last two decades. (Appelbaum et al; 2007). As we hear Mergers and Acquisition in day-to-day basis I investigated that the rise in Mergers and Acquisition is due that fact that its increasing complexity of such transactions taking place day-to-day and time-to-time (Gaughan, 2002).

According to (Gaughan and Jagersma, 2005) Merger is the combination of two or more companies in creation of a new entity or formation of a holding company.( European Central Bank , 2000)

Acquisition is the purchase of shares or assets on another company to achieve a managerial influence, not necessarily by mutual agreement (Jagersma, 2005).

Mergers and Acquisition can be categorized into horizontal, vertical or conglomerate and the transactions will be viewed from the outlook of the value chain. (Ghaughan, 2002)

According to (Picot, 2002) Mergers and Acquisition process undergoes three processes: planning, implementation and integration. Planning covers the operational, managerial and legal techniques and optimization. The implementation covers a range of activities starting from the issuance of confidentiality or non-disclosure agreements, letter of intent and ending with conclusion on Mergers and Acquisition contract and deal closure. The last phase is concerned with post-deal integration. This model will be described by Watson Wyatt Model which has also five flows and this model undergoes stages such as Formulate, Locate, Investigate, Negotiate and Integrate. (Glaphin and Herndon, 2000).#p#分页标题#e#

Mergers and Acquisitions have positioned their efforts on giving the bigger picture of the motives of firms engaging in Mergers and Acquisition transactions. According to (Gaughan,2002) it takes a practical view to firm level he identifies the motives by referring to the theories.

Mergers and Acquisition is a way and means to be considered for the firms to grow on the faster rate

Mergers and Acquisition firms have a scope of economic gains as a result of economies on the larger scale

Larger the organization can result on Mergers and Acquisition and have a better access to capital market, which can show the way later to a lower cost of capital that is regarding financial benefits etc.

Mergers and Acquisition aims at imagined gains which a firm may experience when putting its higher authority skills into target business and practice.

According to (Trautwein, 1990) also provides us with a summary of motives and also Trautewein 1990 makes a statement that Mergers and Acquisition marks on Net Present Value.

According to (Jansen, 2002) in Picot 2002 Mergers and Acquisition is not a new invention. In 19th century the first time Mergers and Acquisition appeared in the picture. Five mergers and acquisition waves’ 1880-Y2K will give the timeline of Mergers and Acquisition development.

Mergers and Acquisition Advisory firms——并购咨询公司

According to (Piscot,2002) the question arises that which mergers and acquisition advisors a company will need to consult in order to develop joint creative strategies and financing schemes and to look for suitable transaction partners this will be raised during the planning stage of mergers and acquisition process. External advice is sorted out going through different areas like investment corporate finance, commercial law, environment audit etc. (Sundarsanam, 1995)

Definition of Merger and Acquisition Advisory Firms——并购咨询公司的定义

In this definition of mergers and acquisition (Sundarsanam,1995) explains that Mergers and Acquisition advisors as investment banks, corporate lawyers, accountants, stockbrokers, strategy consultants, investor relations and public relations consultants and environment consultants. He states that among these entire advisors investment bank plays an important in advisory in mergers and acquisition transactions.

Mergers and Acquisition advisory firm’s role in mergers & acquisition transaction——并购咨询公司在兼并和收购交易中所扮演的角色

According to (PEI Services Ltd, 2006) mergers and acquisition acts as match makers. Mergers and Acquisition follows following services:

A valuation of business

Marketing in business

Assisting with diligence

Resolving transaction issues throughout the process

Conducting interviews and discussion with acquirers#p#分页标题#e#

Providing strategic insights and negotiation skills on behalf of the client

Creation of the marketing material

Handling confidential documents on behalf of the client

Solving transaction issues

According to (Daniel and Phillip, 2007) mergers and acquisition advisory firms perform the task to increase the market efficiency by cutting down the information asymmetries between the acquiring and target firms.

Factors affecting merger and acquisition advisory choice——并购咨询影响因素的选择

It’s clear that mergers and acquisition advisory firms are important but investments banks also play an important role in the key advisors in mergers and acquisition transactions. It looks on the closer outlook at what benefits mergers and acquisition bring to clients and in which situation firms get involve in mergers and acquisition firms in mergers and acquisition process.

Critical Success Factors for Projects——项目的关键成功因素

The proposal as the dissertation literature review will be divided into two sections.

Critical success factors are “ the set of circumstances, facts, or influences which contribute to the project outcomes” ( Lim and Mohamed, 1999)

Project success criteria are “the set of principles or standards by which project can be judged” (Lim and Mohamed, 1999).

This will explained in detail in the dissertation.

Research Aims and Objectives——研究目的和目标

1. To investigate the main roles of merger & acquisition advisory firms associated with merger & acquisition projects.

2. To examine the process of conducting a merger & acquisition project.

3. To find out the project success criteria for merger & acquisition projects

To explore from the perspective of merger & acquisition advisory firms.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND RESEARCH DESIGN——研究方法和研究设计

The research is the plan of action undertaken by people in order to find our things in a systematic and make it realistic thereby increasing their knowledge. The research can be qualitative and quantitative. (Saunders et al. 2007). My aim of carrying out this research is analyse the relevant information which will be gathered by me. My research could be qualitative, quantitative or it is both based on the situation and the mood of the interviewee. The research will be done based on the interview or filling up questionnaires by a manager of State Bank of India.

A research design provides the frame work for the collection and analysis of data. A choice of research design reflects about the priority being to range of dimensions of the research process. (Bryman et al. 2007). Qualitative and Quantitative study will help in which my secondary and primary data will be collected in order to increase the strength of my findings. The research is based o the manager and some of the employees pertaining to critical success factors in mergers and acquisition projects of state bank of India which plays a role of an advisory firm. (Bryman et al. 2007).

Sample is the segment of the population that is selected for investigation. It is a subset of the population. (Bryman et al.2007,p182). My way of sampling will be random sampling. Non - Probability refers to a sample that has not been selected using a random selection method. Essentially this implies that some units in the population are more likely to be selected than others.( Bryman et al. 2007,p 182)

DATA COLLECTION METHOD——数据收集法

The purpose of the Data Collection Method is a type of method which has to be conducted; the data is collected more specifically to make this proposal as well as the assignment to make it more realistic (Saunders et al.2007, p131). A semi-structured and in depth (unstructured interviews) are non- standardized. This is often seen in qualitative research interviews (King, 2004). Unstructured interviews are more informal. (Saunders et al. 2007, p312). Structured interview use questionnaires based on prêt ermined and standardized or identical set of questions it is more often related to quantitative research. (Saunders et al. 2007, p312).

A semi- structured interviews method is related to qualitative research or quantitative or it can be both. This research is conducted in order to develop the deep understanding about the current issues happening in the organisation regarding the critical success factors of State Bank Of India which plays a role of advisory firms in mergers and acquisition. I will be using any one of them or any two of them for example structured - unstructured, or only structured depends on the situation.

The interview chosen by me is taken to support the primary data collection from where major findings emerge. The research will be done based on interviewing and filling up questionnaires by a manager and his employees. It is to make the key evaluation on the list of the critical success factors. I will also conduct a questionnaire associated with qualitative or quantitative or it can be both of them in research. This will give the idea and will also cross check with theory and practical. (Saunders et al. 2007, p101). Graphs and charts will be used if necessary to support the primary research.

My data collection will be explanatory or it can be descriptive depending on happening situation. Explanatory study is based on a search literature, interview “experts” in the subject and conducting focus group interviews. Descriptive study is based on to portray an accurate profile of persons, events or situations. (Robson, 2002, p59). Description in management and business research has a clear place. However it should be thought of as a means to an end rather than an end itself. (Saunders et al. 2007, pp 133 -134)

DATA ANALYSIS——数据分析

According to (Saunders et al. 2007, pg 473) quantitative data is based on meanings derived from numbers, the collection results in numerical and standardized data and analysis conducted through the use of diagrams. However, Qualitative data is based on meanings expressed through words, collection of results in non- standardized data requiring classification into categories and analysing conducted through the use of conceptualization.

The following data will be analyzed as per the discussion that will be organized based on the findings from the both primary and the secondary data. The interviews will play a key role in doing the data analysis. Interviews and questionnaire will result in checking the general and valid analysis. The research will be done based on interviewing and filling up questionnaires by two managers. The analysis is also focus on overview in critical success factors of State Bank of India as an advisory firm in mergers and acquisition projects. Above all will support which will present the detailed discussion with the questionnaire supported. To give the right way of the analysis the data will be presented along with my evaluation and judgments of findings.

FORM OF PRESENTATION——编制方式

The concepts will be specific and related with the project. The research document will be in the written form. Black and White colours will be used for this research. Research will be printed. It will be in binded form. Various diagrams and graphs will be used for this research. Flow of the data will be coherent. All the related data will be presented which can help to grasp the ideas and the ideal conclusion can be drawn based on the reliability of the data. Research will start in the simple form of the introduction with the industry and related issues. It will further discuss about the problem issues and different facts will be presented in a proper order.

TIME TABLE:——时间表

Problem Identification——问题识别

Literature Review——问题识别

Research Design——问题识别

Choice of Methodology——问题识别

Data Sources——数据来源

Data Collection——数据来源

Data analysis——数据分析

Writing up draft——写草稿

Editing——编辑

Final document——最终文件

Binding of document——绑定的文档

CONCLUSION:—— 结论

After gathering all the information and data the researcher must spend lot of time thoroughly reviewing and evaluating the findings. Once the study is evaluated conclusions must be drawn. With the help of interviews proper theories should be formed which should give an idea about the situations of mergers and acquisitions in banking and financial sector.

References:——参考文献

Richardson, P., Denton, D.K. (1996), “Communication Change”, Human Resource Management, Vol. 35 No.2. Catwright, S., Cooper, Cary, L. (1993) The Psychological Impact of Mergers and Acquisition on the Individual: A Study of Building Society Managers, Human Relation Mar 93, Vol 46.

Daniels, K. and Phillips, R.A. (2007) The Valuation Impact of Financial Advisors: An empirical Analysis of REIT Mergers and Acquisition. Journal of Real Estate Research, January- March, 29(1), pp 57-74.

European Central Bank, 2000. Mergers and Acquisitions involving the EU Banking Industry- Facts and Implications [online]. Available at [Accessed 1 July 2007]

Gaughan, P.A., (2002) Mergers, Acquisition and Corporate restructuring (3rd edition), John Wiley & Sons, Inc, New York.

Galpin,T.J. and Herndon, M. (2000) The complete guide to Mergers and Acquisitions, Jossey- Bass Publishers, San Francisco.

Jagersma,P.K. (2005) Cross- Border Acquisitions of European Multinationals Journal of General Management 30(3), pp13-34.

Picot,G. (2002) Handbook of International Mergers and Acquisitions: Preparation, Implementation and Integration, Palgrave Macmillan, New York.

PEI(Private Equity Info) Services Ltd., (2006) Mergers and Acquisition, advisory firms [online] Available at[Accessed 04 July 2008]

Sunders,M., Lewis, P., and Thornhill,A. (2003) Research Methods for Business Students, Pearson Education Limited, England.

Sudarsanam, P.S., (1995) The Essence of Merger and Acquisitions, Prentice Hall, Great Britain.

Trautwein, F. (1990) Mergers Motives and Prescriptions: Strategic Management Journal, 11(4), pp 283-295.

Lim, C.S., and Mohamed, M.Z. (1999) Criteria of project success: an exploratory re- examination, International Journal of Project Management, 17(4), pp 243-248.

(责任编辑:www.ukthesis.org)


------分隔符-------------------------------------
UK Thesis Base Contacts
推荐内容
  • essay写作技巧有哪些[误...

    essay写作技巧有哪些?关于一篇好的Essay写法已经解说的太多,这里就不再影响大家发挥了,这里有3个essay写作误区一定要注意,如果你是常常这样写,基本是......

  • 营销学essay范文:联想公...

    营销学essay范文哪里找?本文以联想公司为例,为大家提供了一篇关于公司营销计划成功的相关影响因素,希望大家通过范文能够总结出写作要点,写出自己领域内的essa......

  • 留学生会计作业Account...

    Accounting Essay怎么写?有哪些注意事项?在留学申请时,一份优秀的essay会显示出你的独特潜质,essay是留学文书中的一个重要写作内容,本文为......

  • 经济学essay写作方法「经...

    经济学essay写作方法有吗?很多同学在essay写作上比较头痛,其实写essay是有方法的,这里为大家分享一些写作建议,希望对你有所帮助。...

  • essay如何降重?能降多少...

    essay如何降重?能降多少?欧美等国家极其重视个人的学术诚信和原创性,对essay论文的要求很高,很多同学写好的essay往往重复率比较高,那怎样才能有效降低......

  • 英美文学essay:Cat ...

    导读:这是一篇英美文学方向的essay范文,讨论了海明威小说《雨中的猫》。《雨中的猫》是美国著名小说家海明威早期的代表作品。该小说讲述了一位和丈夫在意大利停留的......