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认知疗法和行为疗法治疗原则的异同

时间:2016-03-04 10:44来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
1. Introduction介绍
 
认知疗法和行为疗法是治疗精神问题的重要途径和方法。两者之间的差异有显著性,但两者的治疗有明显的差异,两者之间存在一些相似之处。本文将试图找出两者之间的差异和相似之处。Both cognitive therapy and behaviour therapy are popular and important approaches for curing mental problems. Though there are significant differences between the principles underlines the two therapies, some similarities also exists between the two. This essay will try to figure out the discrepancies and similarities between the two therapies.
 
2. Definition and Primary Characteristics定义和基本特征
 
认知疗法被发现是在精神疾病治疗中的有效性和一些医疗问题(Beck,2005)。这种技术最早是由贝克,M. D.抑郁症1960。这是一个动态的,指令,控制的相互过程,敏感的时间。另一方面,Hersen和贝拉克(1999)认为,行为疗法是一种在实证基础治疗方法。这种方法是有效的各种心理障碍,如情绪障碍,焦虑症,以及物质使用障碍。它也能帮助缓解生活中的各种问题,如体重管理,儿童行为问题,和吸烟问题。Cognitive therapy was revealed to be effective in treating psychiatric disorders and some medical problems (Beck, 2005). This technique was first developed by Beck, M. D. for depression in 1960. It is a dynamic, directive, controlled mutual process, sensitive to time. On the other hand, Hersen and Bellack (1999) suggest that behaviour therapy is a method on the basis of empirical treatment. This approach is effective for various psychological disorders such as mood disorders, anxiety disorders, as well as substance use disorders. It can also assist the remission of various ‘problems with living’, such as weight management, childhood behaviour problems, and smoking problems.
 
3. Differences between Principles of Cognitive Therapy and Behaviour Therapy认知疗法和行为疗法的原则差异
 
认知疗法是在认知模型的基础上形成的。该模型强调,你觉得你的思考方式。这表明,而不是由事件本身造成的,心理障碍一般是从意义上的个人附加到事件的结果。所附的含义会影响到以下的情感反应的具体事件。同样的事件会给不同的人不同的意义,这些意义生成的核心信念和假设根据人们的学习经验(derubeis,唐,和Beck,2001)。The Cognitive therapy is formed on the basis of cognitive model. This model emphasises that you feel the way you think. This indicates that instead of being caused by the events per se, psychological disorders generally result from the meanings individuals attach to events. The attached meaning would impact on the following emotional response to the specific event. The same event will be given different meanings by different individuals, as those meanings are generated from the core beliefs and postulations according to people’s learning experiences (Derubeis, Tang, & Beck, 2001).(责任编辑:anne)


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