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潜在的和实际的公开挂牌公司职业董事会多元化的好处

时间:2016-03-24 09:41来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
有关董事会成员特征多样性的讨论已经引起越来越多的关注。它是指智力和社会人力资本贡献的个人董事会成员的决策和治理过程中各种成分(米利肯和马丁斯,1996)。根据人力资本理论,区别认知和生产能力及组织董事会成员的教育培训和经验累积的股票,(贝克尔,1964)。本文将集中讨论如何职业背景的董事会成员可能和实际效益的公共挂牌公司。
Discussions pertaining to diversity in board member characteristics have drawn increasing public attention. It refers to varied composition of intellectual and social human capital contributed by individual board members to decision making andgovernance process (Milliken and Martins, 1996). Among most research articles, gender diversity seems to be a focal point but there are many other attributes of board dynamics such as age, race and occupation. According to human capital theory, what distinguish the cognitive and productive capability of boardroom members and their organization are the cumulative stocks of education, training and experience (Becker, 1964). This essay will focus on how occupational background of board members potentially and actually benefits the public listed company. 
 
首先,混合着不同的职业背景,会有助于淡化群体思维。由Janis指出(1982),群体思维产生很高的凝聚力和寻求一致性的倾向,影响评价。对成员的专业经验和意识形态的同质性减少会带来新的见解和观点(值得与Neuschel,1984)。企业领导者掌握管理技能,具有理论学术产品的开发和市场反应而lawyersmight关注公司活动的责任。独特的知识从不同的行业可以提高质量和交付公司信息量。和不同的方法和意见,每个组在董事会上创造一个有利的环境建设性的异议(卡特et al.,2010)。First, a mixture of directors with different occupational backgrounds could be helpful todilute groupthink. As pointed out by Janis (1982), groupthinkproduces high cohesiveness and concurrence-seeking tendency which interfere with critical evaluation. The reduction of homogeneity of members’ professional experience and ideology brings new insights and perspectives to the board (Worthy &Neuschel, 1984). Business leaders acquire management skills, academics possess the theory of products development and markets reaction while lawyersmight concern more about the liability of the company’s activities. Unique knowledge sets from distinct professions can improve the quality and quantity of information delivered to the company. And different approaches and opinions given by each groups create a favourable environment for constructive dissent during the board meeting (Carter et al., 2010).
 
Moreover, diverse background contributes potential external resources to the firm, according to the resource dependence theory supported by Carter et al. (2010), Ingley and van der Walt (2001). The board is considered to be an essential strategic connection between the company and external resources such as national business elite, capitals, competitors and industrial intelligence. In this case, a wider scope of professional background could benefit a publicly listed company with more access to outside resources, either tangible or intangible, which in return enhance the competitive advantages of the business and attract more investment from the public. Also, Pfeffer and Salancik (1978) addressed its “buffering” function of protecting the company from environmental disturbances due to the ease of inclusion of excessive identical views into strategy making (Alexander et al.,1993). (责任编辑:anne)


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