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essay代写范文:越南经济增长与政策

时间:2016-08-10 09:24来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
越南经济增长与政策
Economic Growth And Policies Of Vietnam 
 
在亚洲发展展望2009(ADO)的年度亚洲开发银行发布,预测亚洲经济趋势,亚洲开发银行预测说:“在2010年,在汇款流入和收入预期增长将加快私人消费增长。完善和巩固全球金融状况会带来FDI流入和对外投资的增加。同时,由于预算支出的减少和银行信贷的紧缩,公共消费和国内投资的增长将是温和的
根据亚洲开发银行的预测,越南的平均通胀率将10%。
这些预测是基于越南的有所收紧的财政政策与财政赤字目标在国内生产总值的8.3%,和紧缩的货币政策与目标信贷增长25%。
 
In the Asian Development Outlook 2009 (ADO), the annual ADB publication released yesterday, that forecasts economic trends in Asia, the ADB predicted that: "In 2010, expected increases in remittance inflows and incomes will speed up growth of private consumption. Improvement and consolidation of global financial conditions will bring about an upturn in FDI inflows and foreign-financed investment. At the same time, growth of public consumption and domestically financed investment will moderate due to the decline in budget spending and tighter bank credit"
 
Also according to the forecast by the ADB, Vietnam's average inflation will stand at 10% this year and 8% in 2011.
 
These forecasts are based on Vietnam's somewhat tightened fiscal policy with the fiscal deficit target at 8.3% of GDP, and the tightened monetary policy with the target credit growth of 25% this year.
 
In the report, the ADB stressed that substantial and timely policy responses helped Vietnam overcome the global recession in 2009. However, the economic stimulus measures also resulted in devaluation and inflation pressures.
 
Policies to focus on macroeconomic stability rather than rapid growth, and efforts to improve the economy's efficiency are essential for Vietnam's sustainable development as a middle income country, said the report, adding that: "Investor confidence is the key factor for Vietnam to attract large inflow of foreign direct investment and to ensure that the capital account surplus is larger than current account deficit so as to result in the increased foreign exchange reserve. As Vietnam will implement the new Socio-Economic Development Plan 2011-2015 as a middle income country, putting focus on efficiency will enable Vietnam to be integrated deeper into the regional and global value chains".
 
The report noted that the Vietnamese Government took several steps to improve governance and the business environment in 2009. The ongoing efforts under the Project 30 to reduce administrative procedures are welcomed as a policy on right direction to improve efficiency.(责任编辑:BUG)


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