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Essay格式范文:外商直接投资的影响

时间:2016-08-18 18:14来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
Essay格式范文:外商直接投资的影响
The Impact Of Foreign Direct Investments 
 
外商直接投资对一国经济发展过程中的影响已经在世界上许多国家的一个重要话题。在世界经济中,外商直接投资已成为一个重要的因素,加速了全球化的进程。国际产出的大幅上升是由经济和技术力量决定的。同时,通过对外直接投资逐步自由化和国家立法的变化确定。一个独特的特点,现代世界已经被私人资本流动的循环作为发展中国家的外国直接投资,特别是上世纪90年代以来,自上世纪80年代以来,跨国企业已经在全球化进程中的主要参与者。这是一个巨大的趋势,各国政府试图吸引跨国公司(MNCs)为了达到各自国家和投资。这是一个战略,进步和发展的国家。
 
The impact of Foreign Direct Investmens on the developing process of an economy has been an important topic of discussion in many countries all over the world. In the world economy, FDI has become a crucial factor, that accelerates globalization. The substantial rise of international output is determined by economic and technological forces. Also, it is determined by the progressive liberalization of Foreign Direct Investment and the change in coutries' legislations. A distinguishing characteristic of the modern world has been the circulation of private capital flow as a foreign direct investment in developing countries, especially since 1990s. Since the 1980s, multinational corporations (MNCs) have come out as main players in the globalization process.
 
It has been a huge tendency, that governments all over the world try to attract multinational corporations (MNCs) in order to come to respective countries and invest. This has been a strategy for both: progressive and developing states.
 
 
This experience may be related to the broader context of liberalization in which most developing and transition countries have moved to market-oriented strategies. In this context, globalization offers an unparalleled opportunity for developing countries to attain quicker economic growth through trade and investment. In the period 1970s, international trade grew more rapidly than FDI, and thus international trade was by far than most other important international economic activities. This situation changed radically in the middle of the 1980s, when world FDI started to increase sharply. In this period, the world FDI has increased its importance by transferring technologies and establishing marketing and procuring networks for efficient production and sales internationally (Shujiro Urata, 1998).
 
FDI flows comprise capital provided by foreign investors, directly or indirectly to enterprises in another economy with an expectation of obtaining profits derived from the capital participation in the management of the enterprise in which they invest. The foreign investors acquire ownership of assets in the host country firms in proportion to their equity holdings. This is the empirical definition of FDI adopted by many countries to distinguish it from portfolio flows. According to International Monetary Fund (IMF), FDI is defined as " an investment that is made to acquire a lasting interest in an enterprise operating in a economy other than that of the investor" The investor's purpose is to have an effective voice in the management of the enterprise (IMF,1977).FDI is the process by which the residents of one country (the source country) acquire the ownership of assets for the purpose of controlling the production, distribution and other productive activities of a firm in another country (the host country).(责任编辑:BUG)


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