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澳大利亚本科essay:现代主义建筑形式应遵循的功能

时间:2016-08-30 18:45来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
形式的原则如下功能与现代主义建筑和工业设计这关系到20世纪的连接。这样做的基础理论,主要是基于建筑物和建筑的形状是否是基于前景功能和用途。
 
The principle of form follows function is connected with modernist architecture and industrial design which related to 20th century. The basic theory of this is mainly based on whether the shape of a building and architecture is based on the prospect function and purpose.
 
1.1Historical Background 1.1Historical背景
这个公式的形式服从功能(原来的版本是:永远形式追随功能)是由路易斯·沙利文,美国建筑师创建和申报。虽然这句话的作者往往错误地认为作为另一个美国雕塑家-Haratio格里诺,其思想是后来的功能主义的方法前并在20世纪30年代发现的再次。人们总是错误地把他作为作者,因为他发表了一系列关于形式和功能的散文。
This formula form follow function(originally version is: form ever follow function) is created and declared by Louis Sullivan, an American architect. Though the authorship of this phrase is often wrongly believed as another American sculptor-Haratio Greenough, whose thought is before the later functionalist approach and were discovered again in 1930s. People always wrongly regard him as the authorship because he published a series of essays about form and function.
 
Louis Sullivan, the American architect,  is the person who first put forward the phrase of form should follow function in his essay — “tall office building artistically considered” which is published in 1896. He described it like that: 
 
It is the pervading law of all things organic and inorganic, of all things physical and metaphysical, of all things human and all things superhuman, of all true manifestations of the head, of the heart, of the soul, that the life is recognizable in its expression, that form ever follows function. This is the law.
 
After that, in a official occasion, the famous phrase was said by this Chicago constructs-Louis Sullivan in 1907 when he summarized the principle of design. In the theory of Sullivan, function did not simply indicate utility or practical use. On the contrary, it represents life power or life force. It more related to a kind of essential vitalize. Specifically, the essence of a thing in nature life equals to its life force, vice versa the final life force influence the exterior form. The essence of object gradually mold the key appearance of things.  He apply this formula into skyscraper design, the essential aspect and outward appearance of a skyscraper seems to be closely related to grand and tall. However, in the approach of modern utilitarian, grandness and tallness sometimes means a skyscraper can not be functional.(责任编辑:BUG)


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