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分析新加坡生育率显著降低 Analysing the signifcant decrease in Singaporean fertility rates

时间:2016-12-12 17:40来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
分析新加坡生育率显著降低
Analysing the signifcant decrease in Singaporean fertility rates
 
自千禧年以来,全球人口一直在经历一个范式转变的人口组成。社区越来越大,新生儿的数量减少到一滴。新加坡也不例外,这个问题让政府官员度过了无数个无眠之夜。尽管政府举措加大婚姻和出生率年,新加坡的总生育率已暴跌1.6(2000)1.28(2008),远低于2.1.猜疑的替代率是新加坡的新一代抗结婚的想法,这导致了在婴儿数量不足。那么,新加坡人不想结婚是真的吗?
 
Since the turn of the millennium, the global population has been experiencing a paradigm shift in the composition of its population. Communities are getting older and the number of new-borns is dwindling to a trickle. Singapore is no exception with the problem giving government officials here endless number of sleepless nights. Despite years of government initiatives to increase marriages and birthrates, Singapore's total fertility rates [1] has been plunging from 1.6 (2000) to 1.28 (2008) which is far below the replacement rate of 2.1.The suspicion is that the newer generation of Singaporeans are resistant to the idea of marriage and this has resulted in a shortfall in the number of babies. So is it true that Singaporeans do not want to marry?
 
The answer is no, Singaporeans do intend to marry. From the Study on Marriage and Parenthood 2007, 85% of singles surveyed indicated an intention to get married (Chart 1).
 
The institution of the Family in Singapore, while still strong, is facing challenges. Delayed marriage and family formation, may affect the ability of the family to care for and support its members. Despite aspirations to be married, more Singaporeans are remaining single. The number of resident singles aged 20 to 44 years has been increasing steadily over the years, from about 480,000 in 2000 to almost 530,000 in 2007, with approximately 3 per cent increase in resident singlehood rates over the same period.
 
Why is there such a problem?
The main reasons why fewer Singaporeans are getting married and consequently having less babies would be an advocacy of career above all, an inability to find a suitable partner and the increasing costs having a baby.
 
Singaporeans nowadays are also more ambitious and want to be financially independent and accomplished before committing to wedding vows. Having been brought up in a flourishing Singapore, most Singaporeans are driven by the dream of having the 5Cs( Condo, Car, Card, Cash, Country Club) and this has been further accentuated in all forms of media where the perversely rich lifestyle is much acclaimed. Inevitably, Singaporeans also feel that the career path should be their priority to ensure financial survival especially in a competitive environment where the only constant is change.(责任编辑:BUG)


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