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英国留学申请essay写作范文:跨国公司对发展中国家的技术贡献

时间:2016-12-19 16:59来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
在这个世界上的很多事情都是可以共享的,转化和利用有利于人类文明的发展,但知识是珍贵稀有的财富,是偷不走的,它仍然是完整的一个,直到它的表达。一旦它被表达,就没有保证它是如何被使用和被操纵的。为了控制这种未经授权的使用技术,一些法律,如专利法,版权法等被起草在世界各地。知识被公认为是一个动态的全球商业环境的能力的资源之一。技术转移是不是一个简单的问题,它有可能影响国家的政治和经济关系。跨国公司正在有一个难得的机会将新技术转移到发展中国家。在最近的时代,技术转让和外国直接投资之间的联系,通过跨国公司成为在所有国际经济和经济增长辩论的问题的中心。
 
In this world many things can be shared, transformed and utilized which helps to the development of civilization, but knowledge is the rarest of rare wealth that cannot be stolen and it remains intact with a person until it is expressed. Once it is expressed, there is no guarantee how it is used and manipulated. To control this unauthorized use of technology several laws like patent laws, copyright laws etc were drafted all around the world. Knowledge is recognized as one of the capable resources for dynamic global business environment. (Sharif et al.)Technology transfer is not an easy issue it has potential to influence the political and financial relations of countries also. Multinational companies are having a rare opportunity to transfer the new technology to the developing countries. In recent times the link between the technology transfer and foreign direct investment through multinational companies became central plank of the issue in all international economics and economic growth debates.
 
Importance of technology transfer from MNC's to developing countries:跨国企业对发展中国家的技术转让的重要性:
 
Transfer of technology by Multinational Companies is considered as a boon to the developing countries. Every developing nation rather than depending on the cheap labor to develop economy should also focus on the intellectual capital and innovation capabilities. So there should be attractive polices from the government to make sure that multinational companies should co-operate to raise the research and development capability in the nation. Multinational companies are capable of technology diffusion, knowledge creation and research & development capacity (Worasinchai and Bechina 2010).
 
There are several means of technology transfer and mutual benefit is derived out of it for both the developing nations and the multinational companies. Some of the factors that have major impact upon the knowledge sharing mechanisms are firm characteristics, industrial characteristics and business models. During the last decade with the growing globalization spectrum, foreign direct investment's (FDI's) are coming to developing countries. Multinational companies are capable of creating new jobs thereby contributing to the development of economy and welfare of the region in particular. This will also improve the number of taxpayer due to improvement in the salary of the employees. This allows the government to spend this economic source in the areas of health care, education and infrastructure development (Bruce 1979).(责任编辑:BUG)


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