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英国MBA申请Essay范文|竞争环境下创新的发展与作用

时间:2016-12-31 10:32来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
期望在当今市场竞争激烈的组织需要掌握创新作为必要的技能。创新在组织如何开发新思想、新产品和新流程以及它们的发展速度方面起着关键作用.。这种创新的关键要素之一是企业内部资源、信息和知识的有效利用.。知识作为一个关键的资源需要创造,同化,它的使用和它的分散;市场,他们强调合作和短期非正式关系看到不同的影响,不同于企业将经历什么。凭借他们的结构市场没有集中的积累和使用知识的方法。这种知识的分散,可在市场上被看作是一个自然的结果,非常非正式的环境下,市场运作下。另一方面,企业努力创造这样的集中结构。企业内分散的知识导致结构焦虑。
 
Organizations that expect to compete in today’s fast paced market place need to master innovation as a necessary skill. Innovation plays a key role in how organizations develop new ideas, new products and new processes and the pace at which they do so. One of the key ingredients in the quest of such innovation is the effective usage of resources, information and knowledge within the enterprise. (Dye, 2008) Knowledge as a key resource entails the creation, the assimilation, its usage and its dispersion; Markets with their emphasis on collaboration and short term informal relationship see a relatively different impact as distinct from what firms would experience. By very virtue of their structure markets do not have a centralized method of accumulating nor using knowledge. The dispersion of such knowledge as is available in markets is seen as a natural outcome of the very informal environments that markets operate under. Firms on the other hand strive towards creating such centralized structures. Dispersed knowledge within firms causes structural anxiety (Hayek, 1948).
 
In most cases, availability of knowledge and information is largely dispersed and frequently unavailable at the point of usage and not with the person who needs this information for effective decision making. (Senge, 1990)
 
The challenge that most business face lies in the dispersion of knowledge and the lack of its codification. As business imperatives change, so does the knowledge required to handle and tackle such changes (Dawson, 1986). In competitive economies, where the margin of success and failure is a sum total of the inherent knowledge capability of organizations , dispersed knowledge scenarios lead to poor sluggish response reaction times. The centralizing of knowledge is seen as a possible method where inherent knowledge can be processed. However codification of such knowledge remains an essential challenge.
 
Thus it can be seen that organizations in today’s competitive economies see two inherent challenges with respect to knowledge and its effective usage as a key competitive resource. Both challenges are to do with the availability of this knowledge or lack thereof (Ellig,1996) . Knowledge which is dispersed across the enterprise , given the structure and design of many current organizations which essentially operate in a 21ST century knowledge economy but continue to carry post industrialization functional centric , command and control design structures. Secondly individuals have seen knowledge as the currency of their own individual competence and position. This means, such individuals have little incentive to part with knowledge that lies within their own heads and codify this knowledge for usage by others across the enterprise. These twin challenges render most organizations sluggish in response to fast paced changes that happen in external environments that have the capability to impact the enterprise (Senge, 1999).(责任编辑:BUG)


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