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动机理论与概念的留学生essay范文

时间:2017-02-02 16:26来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
动机理论与概念
Theories and concepts of motivation
 
INTRODUCTION TO MOTIVATION
 
虽然,人类拥有巨大的潜力,命运多舛的事实是典型的人,在一个企业,以一定量的潜力,但。这种潜力的使用可以提高激励员工延伸到他们的最佳潜力。
动机,字面上,意思是想工作或做事。这是区别那些黎明前醒来为了工作和谁坐在家里无所事事一整天的人之间。动机是实现目标的重要组成部分。
 
大多数人,看动机作为个体的自身素质。动机,然而,是一个人和一个情况的界面的结果。动机描述的方法,占一个人的强度,方向和持久性的决心,实现一个目标或组织目标。
 
Although, humans possess colossal potential, the ill-fated truth is that the typical person, in a business, utilizes but a restricted amount of that potential. This usage of potential could be heightened by motivating the employees to stretch to their optimal potential. (Ghuman & Aswathappa, 2010)
 
Motivation, literally, means the want to work or the do things. It is what differentiates between people who wake up before dawn in order to work and people who sit around the house and laze around all day. Motivation is an essential constituent in attaining goals. (Psychology Today, n.d.)
 
Most people, inaccurately, look at motivation as an individual’s own quality. Motivation, however, is the outcome of the interface of a person and a situation. Motivation is described as the method that accounts for a person’s intensity, direction and persistence of determination towards accomplishing a goal or an organizational goal, in this case. (Robbins, Judge, & Sanghi, 2008)
 
Three elements that define motivation are intensity, direction and persistence. Intensity concerns with how hard an individual tries. This is the most focused on element when motivation is the topic at hand. Nonetheless, high-intensity is improbable to give positive job-performance results unless the effort is directed to benefit the organization. Consequently, the quality of effort and its intensity is deliberated. Effort directed towards, and constant with, the company’s goals is the effort that should be seeked. To conclude, motivation has a dimension called persistence. This measures the longevity of an individual’s efforts. People that are motivated continue an undertaking long enough to accomplish their objective. (Robbins, Judge, & Sanghi, 2008)
 
THEORIES OF MOTIVATION
 
Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory:
 
In this theory, Maslow (1954), explained the hierarchy of five human needs. As one need is mollified, the subsequent need starts to dominate. These five needs along with specific examples in context of work and home are mentioned below:-(责任编辑:BUG)


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