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留学生Management Essay范文:辨别培训和发展

时间:2017-03-27 17:14来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
培训有许多定义,但在其最基本的水平,它只是提供一个雇员所需的知识和技能来执行他/她的目前的工作。它的计划,主要涉及改善员工的工作表现。培训通常发生在一个组织时,有必要带来立即改善工作表现。培训是传统的短期活动,被视为“课堂式”活动。
发展,另一方面,比培训有一个更广泛的表征,通常有一个长期的重点。发展涉及提高个人的个人投资组合。不同的培训,组织决定哪些部分的劳动力需要提高,发展是由组织和个人的需要。一个雇员可能会被派去参加一系列的工作坊,为将来的晋升做准备。不同的培训、发展不受限于正式的小组会议。它的重点是学习者而不是学习。
 
Training has many definitions, but at its most basic level it is simply providing an employee with the knowledge and skills needed to perform his/her current job. It is planned, and primarily concerned with improving an employee's job performance. Training generally occurs in an organization when there is a need to bring out an immediate improvement in job performance. Training is traditionally a short-term activity and is seen as a "classroom-type" activity.
 
Development, on the other hand, has a broader characterization than training, and typically has a long-term focus. Development is concerned with enhancing an individual's personal portfolio. Unlike training where the organization decides which parts of the workforce require enhancement, development is determined by both the organization and the needs of the individual. E.g. an employee may be sent to a series of workshops in preparation for a future promotion. Unlike training, development is not constricted to formalised group sessions. Its focus is on the learner and not the learning.
 
Education is concerned with replicating the social order. The influence of adult generations is impressed upon the younger generation. Education can be formal or informal. It shares traits with training and development in the sense that it should involve a learning process. It should also be planned and facilitate understanding. Where it differs is its application to learners. Education provides general knowledge for a particular discipline, but it does not have a specific job focus. An individual may enrol in an accounting degree, but not everyone will choose to become an accountant.
 
The major link between training, development and education is learning. Furthermore, training and education along with a desire to learn facilitate development in organizations. In other words, all four processes complement each other, and enhance an individual's potential. Management are responsible for fostering a learning attitude in an organization. A school of hundred people certainly cannot be run well if it does not have a leading group of several people, formed in accordance with the actual circumstances (and not thrown together artificially) and is composed of the most active, upright and alert of the teachers, the other staff and the students.(责任编辑:BUG)


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