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essay代写:旅游业扶持政策研究

时间:2018-05-14 08:44来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
概述好的研究的关键要求,并确定研究如何支持决策。
研究被定义为一系列广泛的过程,旨在为决策者和管理者提供客观、可靠和可重复的信息,是支持决策者决策的重要商业工具。旅游决策本质上是一种政治活动,受政府的形式结构的影响。各种各样的力量影响政策制定,而政策不存在于真空中,因为各种机构存在以实现它。研究是为了解决问题和扩展知识,强调研究是一种系统的提问方式,是一种系统的调查方法。
如前所述,政策制定是一个基本的商业工具,但是必须指出,从事研究也是一个非常昂贵、耗时和复杂的任务,研究人员必须能够选择正确的信息,以避免进一步的影响。研究活动以多种方式支持决策。
 
Outline the key requirements for good research and identify how research might support policy-making.
Research, defined as a broad range of processes designed to provide policy makers and managers with information that is objective, reliable and as reproducible as possible (Bull, 1999) is a vital business tool used to support policy makers in making decisions. Page (2003) also suggests that tourism policy-making is inherently a political activity, affected by the formal structure of government. A wide range of forces affects policy making, and policy does not exist in a vacuum, because various agencies exist to implement it. Drew (1980) suggests that research is conducted to solve problems and to expand knowledge, and stresses that research is a systematic way of asking questions, a systematic method of enquiry (taken from Bell, 1999).
 
As previously mentioned, policy making is a fundamental business tool, however it must be noted that undertaking research is also a very expensive, time consuming and complex task and researchers must be able to select the right information to avoid further implications. Research activity supports policy-making in a number of ways. First of all if a company is deciding to open a new site in a different country for example, they will need to know who their competitors are, how accessible is the place, where will the labour come from, what impact will this have on the locals? How safe is the area? How will the marketing and advertising be conducted to ensure its success? It is clear from this simple example how complicated and time consuming information gathering can be. Primary data, secondary data, or both may be used in a research investigation. Primary data is original data gathered for a specific purpose as for example interviewing the local community, while secondary data is data that has already been collated for similar purposes, i.e. crime statistics. Data here, could be collected either through quantitative, therefore utilising a positivist approach, or qualitative methods therefore adopting a phenomenological approach. Policy makers will need to know whether that policy is going to be successful, politically/legally/ethnically acceptable, the costs involved, the number of staff needed to implement that policy and whether it fits with the wants, needs and aspirations of the people directed at (Ritchie and Goeldner,1994).(责任编辑:cinq)


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