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essay写作格式范文推荐[经验分享]

时间:2021-11-02 14:28:17 来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

essay写作格式有模板吗?留学essay写作在申请学校的各类材料中起着重要的作用,写essay时要注意它的基本格式,更重要的是突出你的个性。很多同学不知道如何写essay,本文将详细为大家讲述相关要点,并附带范文可以作为参考,学习一下。

essay写作基本格式

essay写作基本格式

一、essay的类型有哪些

essay的类型取决于作者想要传达给读者什么。文章大致有四种类型。让我们看看:

1.记叙类 Narrative Essays

This is when the writer is narrating an incident or story through the essay. So these are in the first person. The aim when writing narrative essays is to involve the reader in them as if they were right there when it was happening. So make them as vivid and real as possible. One way to make this possible is to follow the principle of ‘show, don’t tell’. So you must involve the reader in the story.

2.描述类 Descriptive Essays

Here the writer will describe a place, an object, an event or maybe even a memory. But it is not just plainly describing things. The writer must paint a picture through his words. One clever way to do that is to evoke the senses of the reader. Do not only rely on sight but also involve the other senses of smell, touch, sound etc. A descriptive essay when done well will make the reader feel the emotions the writer was feeling at the moment.

3.说明类 Expository Essays

In such an essay a writer presents a balanced study of a topic. To write such an essay, the writer must have real and extensive knowledge about the subject. There is no scope for the writer’s feelings or emotions in an expository essay. It is completely based on facts, statistics, examples etc. There are sub-types here like contrast essays, cause and effect essays etc.

4.有说服力类 Persuasive Essays

Here the purpose of the essay is to get the reader to your side of the argument. A persuasive essay is not just a presentation of facts but an attempt to convince the reader of the writer’s point of view. Both sides of the argument have to presented in these essays. But the ultimate aim is to persuade the readers that the writer’s argument carries more weight.

二、essay写作的基本格式

现在essay没有严格的格式。这是一个创造性的过程,所以它不应该被限制在界限之内。然而,写作时有一个基本的结构。让我们来看看一篇文章的大体结构。

1.Introduction 引言介绍

This is the first paragraph of your essay. This is where the writer introduces his topic for the very first time. You can give a very brief synopsis of your essay in the introductory paragraph. Some paragraph writing skills can be a help here. Generally, it is not very long, about 4-6 lines.

这是你文章的第一段。这是作者第一次介绍他的主题。你可以在引言段给出一个非常简短的文章大纲。一些段落写作技巧在这里是有帮助的。一般不是很长,大约4-6行。

There is plenty of scopes to get creative in the introduction of essays. This will ensure that you hook the reader, i.e. draw and keep his attention. So to do so you can start with a quote or a proverb. Sometimes you can even start with a definition. Another interesting strategy to engage with your reader is to start with a question.

2.Body 正文

This is the main crux of your essays. The body is the meat of your essay sandwiched between the introduction and the conclusion. So the most vital and important content of the essay will be here. This need not be confined to one paragraph. It can extend to two or more paragraphs according to the content.

Usually, we have a lot of information to provide in the body. And the mistakes writers generally make is to go about it in a haphazard manner which leaves the reader confused. So it is important to organize your thoughts and content. Write the information in a systematic flow so that the reader can comprehend. So, for example, you were narrating an incident. The best manner to do this would be to go in a chronological order.

通常,我们的身体会提供很多信息。作者所犯的错误通常是随意地写,让读者感到困惑。所以组织你的思想和内容是很重要的。以系统的方式写信息,以便读者能理解。例如,你在叙述一个事件。最好的方式是按照时间顺序来做。

3.Conclusion 结论

This is the last paragraph of the essay. Sometimes a conclusion will just mirror the introductory paragraph but make sure the words and syntax are different. A conclusion is also a great place to sum up a story or an argument. You can round up your essay by providing some moral or wrapping up a story. Make sure you complete your essays with the conclusion, leave no hanging threads.

三、essay写作的建议

1.Give your essays an interesting and appropriate title. It will help draw the attention of the reader and pique their curiosity

2.Keep it between 300-500 words. This is the ideal length, you can take creative license to increase or decrease it

3.Keep your language simple and crisp. Unnecessary complicated and difficult words break the flow of the sentence.

保持你的语言简单明了。不必要的复杂和困难的单词打断了句子的流畅。

4.Do not make grammar mistakes, use correct punctuation and spellings. If this is not done it will distract the reader from the content

不要犯语法错误,使用正确的标点和拼写。如果不这样做,会分散读者对内容的注意力

5.Before beginning the essay organize your thought and plot a rough draft. This way you can ensure the story will flow and not be an unorganized mess.

essay写作范文推荐

essay写作范文推荐

四、优秀essay范文推荐(Leadership reflection journal)

Introduction

Leadership plays an essential role in organizational development. Personal leadership is a key aspect that contributes to companies' success and further development. In week 1, I engaged in a self-assessment, which consists of 2 parts and 12 aspects. This self-assessment includes core capabilities and leadership communication. According to the self-assessment, I have an in-depth understanding of my strengths and weakness. In the reflection, I will talk about my weaknesses first, analyze their obstacles of them and find out solutions. Then, I am going to focus on my strengths and how they can be used to help me become a successful leader equipped with exceptional communication skills.

领导在组织发展中起着至关重要的作用。个人领导能力是公司成功和进一步发展的关键因素。在第一周,我做了一个自我评估,包括2部分12个方面。这种自我评估包括核心能力和领导力沟通。通过自我评价,我对自己的优势和劣势有了深入的了解。在反思中,我将首先谈谈我的缺点,分析它们的障碍并找出解决办法。然后,我将专注于我的优势,以及如何利用它们来帮助我成为一名具备非凡沟通技巧的成功领导者。

Weakness

According to the result of the self-assessment, I have realized that I have some weaknesses. Oral communication is the first weakness, which makes me feel embarrassed. Because of my educational background, I did not have enough opportunities to express myself in class. I grew up under the Chinese education system before 16 years old. Owing to the huge population amount in China, there are 40-50 students in one class. Thereby, every student doesn’t have too many opportunities to express themselves in class. Since I attended high school and college in the US, presentation is a common form to display our learning results. I have more opportunities to practice my oral communication skills. However, English is not my native language so that I have inaccurate pronunciation and use words appropriately. Therefore, I am not confident. Additionally, I am not a good listener as I sometimes interrupt persons when they are talking. It’s easy to hurt others psychologically despite they are useful suggestions. Making people don’t want to have a close connection with me for the first time.

Strengths

I got a high score in leadership communication ethos/image relatively. Ethos is the character of the person who is perceived by us, such as trustworthy, knowledgeable (Barrett, 2014,p.10). When I stay alone, I always have a self-reflection. I am willing to ask my friends about their thoughts and comments. At the beginning of a semester or quarter, I will set goals for myself and break them into some small goals so that I can accomplish them step by step. All in all, I have strength in this field, and I can be an influencer to affect my team members so that they move forward positively.

Further Behaviors

In the future, I will improve my English skills and change my personality for better adjusting to a changeable environment. As a leader, I need to become confident and inclusive so that followers will trust me. Importantly, good communication is key to a leader. I will change my characteristics and then become a good listener. Gallo (2014,p.71) stated that commanding presence is used to reflect confidence, competence, and charisma. Therefore, I increase my opportunities to communicate with different people for improving my abilities, including commanding presence.

在未来的日子里,我会提高自己的英语水平,改变自己的性格,更好地适应多变的环境。作为一个领导者,我需要变得自信和包容,这样追随者才会信任我。重要的是,良好的沟通是领导者的关键。我会改变自己的性格,成为一个好的倾听者。Gallo(2014,第71页)指出,居高临下的风度被用来反映自信、能力和魅力。因此,我增加了与不同的人交流的机会,以提高自己的能力,包括指挥presence。

References

Barrett, D. J. (2014). Leadership communication. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.

Gallo, C. (2014). Talk like TED: the 9 public-speaking secrets of the world's top minds. St. Martin's Press.

以上是essay写作的相关要点及范例参考,如果想了解更多关于essay写作内容,可以在网站相关栏目查阅;如果有写作需求,可以在线咨询。

(责任编辑:yan)


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