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Literature Review On Leadership

时间:2015-08-06 14:25来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
在文献资料中,领导力有不同的定义方式。在其众多定义中,三个概念最为主要。第一种,领导力被定义为团队历程的核心,在其中,小组变化和活动以领袖为中心(Northouse Northhouse,2010)。在此概念中,领导力被视为一种社会现象(Yan and Hunt, 2005)。因此,在以个体或群体为单位成为整个过程的中心或核心部分,领导力也随之生成。团队之间的团结和合作,极大程度上依靠人或人群的中心——领袖(Wren et al., 2004)。
第二种,领导力也可从个性的角度来定义。基于这一概念化,领导力被视为一组特征或特点,凭借个人能力来完成任务(Northouse Northhouse,2010)。领导力的这一观点是单方面的,可能这些是区分领导者和下属的特征。然而,一些性格特征,比如尊重、敢为性和自身优势可能不被认为是领导能力的特征(Wren et al., 2004)。
最后一种,一些专家定义领导力为领导人为实现目标或改变的一种行为。总之,领导力的定义包含以下元素:过程、影响、分组和共同的目标(Northouse Northhouse,2010)。在此概念中,领导力就是以领导者的角色和他们的行为为中心,如构建员工工作关系和执行有利于整个集团的其他任务(Wren et al., 2004)。
Leadership as defined in the literature in various ways. Within its numerous definitions, three concepts emerge constantly. First, leadership is defined as a focus of a group process wherein the leader is the focus group change and activity (Northouse and Northhouse, 2010). In this conceptualization, leadership is viewed as a social phenomenon (Yan and Hunt, 2005). Leadership, hence, occurs when an individual or group becomes the center or nucleus of the process control. Cooperation, polarization and unity of the group is greatly dependent on the person or people in the center- the leader or leaders (Wren et al., 2004).
Second, leadership is also defined as a personality perspective. Based on this conceptualization, leadership is viewed as a set of traits or characteristics that makes an individual capable to accomplish tasks (Northouse and Northhouse, 2010). This view of leadership is one way and may imply that these traits simply differentiate the leader from its followers. However, some personality traits such as esteem, social boldness and dominance per se may not be considered leadership in its genuine form (Wren et al., 2004).
Lastly, some experts define leadership as an act or behavior of the leaders in order to achieve the goal or change in the group. In summary, leadership definition involves the following elements: process, influence, grouping, and common goals (Northouse and Northhouse, 2010). In this concept, leadership is centered on the roles of the leader and his acts such as structuring work relations and other tasks and that benefit to the entire group (Wren et al., 2004).(责任编辑:huiyinad)

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