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保险人与诉讼风险:文献综述范文

时间:2016-01-27 10:05来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

保险人与诉讼风险是否影响Ipo定价
Does Underwriter And Litigation Risk Effect Ipo Pricing

用公共基金的策略来使公司获得额外的资金。在此之前,公司必须公布马来西亚之前邀请公众购买其股票的分享。但对于非上市公司他们不能简单地发布分享公共,而必须首先在马来西亚上市。当他们第一次想问题分享公共,他们还必须发布招股说明书,这是他们首次公开发行(ipo)(第一次公开的)。

马来西亚股市IPO开始于马来西亚1960年建立马来西亚证交所。1973 年吉隆坡证券交易所有限公司(KLSEB)和新加坡证交所(SES)开始取代马来西亚证交所。在此期间发行上市的公司数量不足500家公司。从1973年到2007年上市的趋势显示快速发布。1973年上市公司的数量只有262年,直到2007年,马来西亚股市有1028个公司。这种新上市公司数量迅速增加归因于多种因素,主要为扩张融资,降低新基金的成本并降低杠杆水平(Shamsher et al .,1994)。1980年,市场估值在马来西亚是RM43十亿,在2007年达到一万亿林吉特。它总是发生在许多公司都开始上市基金的时候。

除了在1991年到2003年,各个零售商构成了超过85%的市场份额在马来西亚上市。与个体零售商组相比,机构投资者集团是报告一个较小的平均为2.05%。剩下的6.47%是由市场参与者组成的。从1984年到1995年上市的新问题在主板KLSE是173公司。类似这样的,某些公司想要发行IPO时,受法律要求分配30%的马来人的投资者。马来人的主要目标是确保自己的股权,至少占整个市场份额的33%。

Going to public fund is one of the strategies to company to getting additional fund. Before that, company must publish their share to bursa Malaysia before invite the public to buying their share. But for unlisted company they cannot simply publish their share to public and they must be listed in bursa Malaysia first. With that they must publish their prospectus when the first time they want to issue share to public and this is we called Initial Public Offering (first time going to public).

Background——背景

In Malaysia history of IPO are begin when Malaysia stock market was establish as the Malaysian stock exchange in 1960. 1n 1973 the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange Berhad (KLSEB) and Singapore Stock Exchange (SES) are begin to replace the Malaysia Stock Exchange. In that time number of company that issuing IPO is not more to 500 companies. From 1973 until 2007 the IPO trend is showing quickly publish. In 1973 the number of listed company only 262 and up until 2007, Malaysia stock market have 1028 company. This rapid increase in the number of new listings is attributed to a number of factors, mainly to raise financing for expansion, to reduce the cost of new funds and to reduce the level of leverage (Shamsher et al., 1994). In 1980, the market valuation in Bursa Malaysia is about RM43 billion and reach to a trillion ringgit in year 2007. It happen when many companies are started to going public fund.(责任编辑:anne)



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