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Literature Review范文:出游动机领域的文献综述(12)

时间:2016-08-23 09:23来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
 
Needs and personal goals are related to individual motivation. Fondness (1994) suggested five travel motivation: knowledge or cultural and educational motives’, ‘punishment minimization or the need to escape or stimulus-avoidance’, ‘reward maximization or pleasure and sensation seeking’, ‘self-esteem’, and ‘ego-enhancement or social prestige’. In addition, Loker and Perdue (1992) identified six tourist segments whose travel motivation related to benefit seeking. The six segments are those : 1) emphasize excitement and escape, 2) are pure adrenaline/excitement seekers, 3) are family- and friends-oriented, 4) are naturalists who enjoy natural surroundings, 5) value escape for itself, an 6) enjoy all benefits.
 
Leiper (2004) identified eight types of tourist’s motivations that are contrary and do not usually occur at the same time in the same individual on one trip. The motivations are stimulation and relaxation, luxury versus ‘roughing it’, adventure versus low-key break, and seeing versus doing. Tourists are somewhere between the two extremes, seeking a balance of the two components. Other types of needs and motivations which motivate people to travel are: need for escape from perceived mundane environment, need for rest and relaxation, need for sunlight, need for regressive behavior, need for self-evaluation, need for self-esteem, prestige and confidence, need for social interaction, need to spend time with relatives and friends, need to indulge in nostalgia, need for novelty, need underlying tourists’ shopping, and need for education, to indulge in curiosity.
 
Conclusion 结论
There are many researchers have been done before about the relationship between several dimensions with the travel behavior such as psychological, sociological and demographic. Some of them agree that the travel decisions are derive from multidimensional motivation but not only one single factor. One of the most famous theory is push and pull factors which use mostly by other researches to investigate the travel motivation to in-depth understand on this issue. After a brief review to previous journals, the next chapter will discuss about the methodology, which consist of which method will be using to conduct in this research and how to conduct it.
 
Research objective: (is these objective suitable??)
 
To understand the relationship between Sightseeing Variety with travel behavior among Malaysia young adult traveler.
To investigate the Gaining Knowledge factor in influencing young adult traveler.
To examine Events and Activities impact towards travel behavior in Malaysia young adult.
To identify the factor of Easy Access and Affordable related to travel behavior.
 
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