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影响学业成绩的因素|文献综述

时间:2018-04-26 09:47来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
课外活动在他们行动并成为潜在的促进其他事物之前,我们可以说它们本身是有益的。我们可以这么说,因为无论课外活动是什么,他们似乎都给参与者提供了大量的价值和技能。无论是体育还是戏剧、舞蹈或音乐,这项活动的成功参与者至少会忍受“为自己的目的而感到满足和快乐”。这就是说,对于这些课外活动和学习有“次要”的用途,已经证明并似乎在继续证明,这些课外课程的效果是真实的和有效的。因此,他们甚至可能导致我们暂时忘记上述活动的内在价值。
事实上,课外活动的倡导者声称这种不正规的教育部分是对促进良好公民发展、健康的生活方式发展的部分责任。在身心上,一个人的休闲时间的使用方向,个人兴趣和人才的发展,以及创造性表达的积极出路。对课外活动参与的重要性和有效性的信念遍及许多受学术尊重的机构。
 
Extra (or essential?) Curricular Activities
As stated by (Goldberg, 1946), extra-curricular activities, before they act as and become potentially enhancing to something else, we could say that they are beneficial in themselves. We can say this because they seem to present substantial values and skills to the participant, whatever the extra-curricular activity is. Whether the activity is sports or drama, dance or music, a successful participant of this activity will, at the very least, endure “satisfaction and joy for its own sake” (Goldberg, 1946). That being said, there are ‘secondary’ uses (so to speak) for these extra-curricular activities and studies (Miller, Moyer & Patricl, 1956, Sybouts & Krepel among others) have proved and seem to be continuing to prove, the effects of these extra-curriculars are real and valid. So much so, that they might even lead us to temporarily forget the aforementioned intrinsic value of said activities.
 
In fact, advocates of extracurricular activities (Fozzard, 1967; Miller, Moyer, & Patrick, 1956; Sybouts & Krepel, 1984) claim that this less formal aspect of education is partially responsible for contributing to the development of good citizens, the development of a healthy approach to life, both mentally and physically, the direction of use of an individual’s leisure time, the development of personal interests and talents, as well as a positive outlet for creative expression. The belief in the significance and validity of extra-curricular activity involvement pervades many academically respected institutions. For example, as McCormick (1999) noted, the University of Chicago’s undergraduate admissions could fill the ‘freshman’ class to come entirely with Valedictorians, however the university specifically chooses not to do so in favour of opting for those students who possess more than just a high academic performance.(责任编辑:cinq)


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