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留学MBA申请essay:更好的商品和服务质量

时间:2016-08-16 09:13来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
留学MBA申请essay:更好的商品和服务质量
Better Quality In Goods And Services 
 
贸易也带来了一些问题,在贸易开始时并不明显。尽管贸易倾向于增加一个国家的就业,但它可能会导致另一个国家的就业减少。作为企业转移制造的实例从更丰富的国家到第三世界或发展中国家,他们利用廉价的劳动力,较弱的劳动政策,较弱的环境政策,以及这些国家的政府的支持。他们能够招募更多,从而产生更多的少。但这会导致在富裕国家的裁员。贸易也导致了在发展中国家和第三世界国家的裁员,由于与发达国家的跨国公司的竞争,也由于暴露于自动化和现代化。许多企业无法从更富裕的国家建立高生产力和更强的企业竞争力的价格,从而最终可能导致更弱的企业倒闭和在竞争面前的失业率下降。但我们也必须认识到,通过富裕国家的新业务,就业也增加了。总有一个潜在的就业增长。在中国有一个增加收入不平等的问题。由于企业倾向于利用劳动力和环境较弱的政策,将有环境污染导致健康和环境的并发症,进一步的劳动歧视导致较弱的社会福利。企业特别是还需要意识到,保护知识产权可能不被确认或理解或至少在一些国家的薄弱,从而导致盗版,侵犯版权,侵犯专利权,产品复制等,这可能会削弱竞争优势,和企业的品牌形象。
 
Trade also leads to some problems that are not that obvious at the onset of trade. Even though trade tends to increase employment in one nation it may lead to job cuts in another. As businesses shift manufacturing for instance from richer nations to third world or developing nations, they take advantage of the cheap labor, weaker labor policies, weaker environmental policies, and support of the governments in these countries. They are able to recruit more and thus produce more for less. But this leads to job cuts in the parent rich nations. Trade also leads to job cuts in the developing and third world countries due to competition with multinationals from developed nations and also due to exposure to automation and modernization. Many businesses cannot put up with high productivity and competitive pricing of stronger businesses from richer nations and thus finally may lead to closing down of weaker businesses and unemployment in the face of competition. But we also have to realize that employment also increases through the new businesses from the richer nations. Overall there is a potential increase in employment. There is a problem of increasing income inequalities in China. As the business houses tend to take advantage of weaker policies in labor and environment, there will be environmental pollution leading to health and environmental complications; further labor discrimination leading to weaker social well-being. Businesses particularly also need to realize that protection of Intellectual property rights may not be recognized or understood or at least weak in some of the nations thus, leading to piracy, copyright violations, patents violations, product copies etc. This may well erode the competitive advantage, and the brand image of businesses.(责任编辑:BUG)


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