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MBA Essay:美国和德国的汽车工业危机

时间:2016-12-10 09:55来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
美国和德国的汽车工业危机
Automotive Industry Crisis Reaction In Us And Germany 
 
金融危机开始于2008年9月,随着在美国的起源和迅速蔓延到欧洲和亚洲。最初,影响银行系统作为抵押贷款动荡的一个很短的时间内,它威胁到汽车行业。据世界经济学家报道,它被认为是最大的金融危机,大萧条的1930年代的第一个症状是高失业率和通货膨胀率,金融市场的碰撞和崩溃的金融和非金融部门。
本次全球金融危机与经济衰退相关的已经在金融行业产生深远的影响,特别是在汽车行业,这无疑是经济增长的重要贡献者。
由于这两个国家的表现是高度依赖于汽车行业,通过这项调查,我们要指出的原因,在危机期间国家面临挑战和干预的需要。
 
With the genesis in the USA and rapid spread all over Europe and Asia, financial crisis started in September 2008. Initially, affecting banking system as a result of mortgage turmoil for a very short period of time it threatened the automotive industry. According to the world economists reports it is considered to be the greatest financial crises after the great depression of 1930`s. First symptoms were the high rate of unemployment and inflation, collision of financial markets and collapse of financial and non-financial sector.
 
This global financial crisis associated with economic slowdowns has had a profound impact in the non-financial sector and particularly in the automotive industry, which is definitely an important contributor in the economic growth.
 
Since the performance of both countries is highly dependent in automotive industry, through this survey we want to point out causes, challenges and the need for state intervention during crisis.
 
After finalization of econometric models and results, we will update this abstract.
 
Facts and general economic information
 
United States USA
 
The world`s largest economy with its nominal GDP estimated to 14,256,300 (millions of USD), is the leading country with � of nominal global GDP. Just before the crises U.S. economy was known for its stable overall GDP growth rate, even though the total trade deficit for 2008 reached 696 billion USD, ranking it as the largest importer partnering China, Japan and Germany.
 
As an important tool of economy construction is credit, public debt is around 53.5% of GDP (2009 est.), while the largest holders are Japan and China. Estimates (2009) have shown that 1.2% of GDP is composed by agriculture sector, 21.9% industry and 76.9% by services. The US economy is oriented on open and highly competitive markets. There are no barriers for foreign firms, despite the fact that existing firms are at or near the forefront in technological advances. Leading industrial power, it is mostly specialised in petroleum, steel, automotive, aerospace, and telecommunications industries.(责任编辑:BUG)


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