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工商管理Essay参考案例:Impact of Mobile Commerce on the Retail Market

时间:2021-12-13 09:21:39 来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

本文是工商管理业的留学生Essay范例,题目是“Impact of Mobile Commerce on the Retail Market(移动商务对零售市场的影响)”,随着美国智能手机使用量的持续增长,手机销量的增长是毋庸置疑的。根据皮尤研究中心(Pew Research Center)的数据,95%的美国成年人拥有手机,其中77%是智能手机。智能设备和Wi-Fi接入的改善促进了移动购物的转变。

What E-Commerce services are provided by M-Commerce?移动商务提供哪些电子商务服务?

The increase in mobile sales is no disbelief, as the sustained increase in smartphone use through the U.S. According to the Pew Research Center, 95% of U.S. grownups own mobile phones and 77% of them are smartphones. Improved access to both smart devices and Wi-Fi are facilitating the swing to mobile shopping.

 工商管理 Essay范例

There are many diverse explanations and descriptions of what M-Commerce is. Lehman (1995) describes M-Commerce as the use of mobile hand-held devices to communicate, inform, transact and entertain using text and data via connection to public and private networks.This is a very broad description as mobile technology has continued to grow and its capabilities have been developed and continue to develop furiously. Haddon (1997) supports this broad view by defining M-commerce as a financial transaction specifically purchasing and selling

 

M-Commerce includes many new innovative apps that have become possible simply due to the advances in technology. These apps include mobile financial services checking account balance/info, money transfer etc. Travel online reservation, timetables, Airline/train tickets. Entertainment (games) News/information. Event ticket booking (telephone and online booking).These are all examples of E-commerce services that have the capability to be carried out using mobile devices.

 

Discuss the role of M-Commerce in retailing.讨论移动商务在零售业中的作用。

According to CBRE, from 2013 to 2017 M-commerce sales grew 276% and they are expected by 2021 to grow another 170%. This growth is expected to bring m-commerce sales beyond those of computer sales and account for approximately 54% of online retail sales by 2021.

 世邦魏理的数据显示,从2013年到2017年,移动商务销售额增长了276%,预计到2021年还将增长170%。这一增长预计将使移动电子商务的销售额超过电脑销售,到2021年将占在线零售总额的约54%

 

Combined with changes in consumer shopping habits technology and retailersinvestments in mobile channels they are contributing significantly to m-commerce growth.

 

From advertising and social media to mobile-friendly websites and apps, retailers are investing in strategies to reach consumers via their phones. Although the consumer demand is driving investments data is another main for encouragement pushing mobile commerce. By implementing attractive loyalty plans and apps, consumers are sharing a data about their shopping behaviours. Thus facilitating retailers with an improved and enhanced understanding of their customers and the ability to adapt offers and products to individual customers.

 

According to Strategy& survey, over half (54%) of consumers like online loyalty promotions that provide points and offers which allow consumers to have access across all channels both instore and online. An example of this kind of scheme is represented by Amazon who offer their customers a subscription option to Amazon Prime. This promotion offers consumers free next day delivery and discounts on products all for $79 dollars a year. Last years figures showed a sign up of over 2million people with a growth annually of 24%. A statistic that Amazon have released is that a subscriber spends on average 130% more than non-subscribers and new members spend a total of $900 which is an increase from $400 .

 

Latitude1 surveyed smartphone users in both America and the UK, which resulted in over 60% of consumers once they received an email or a text message from a retailer they were more inclined to buy from that brand. Furthermore, try onvirtual simulations, digital content, sample videos and product info interested 79% of shoppers

 

PWC (2018) stress Give customers a new, enjoyable, rewarding, novel, and inventive channel in which to purchase your products and increase their loyalty.Resulting in m-commerce becoming second nature and part a normal and expected part of the retailing experience.

 

Why is M-Commerce such a fragmented market?为什么移动商务是一个如此分散的市场?

Enterprise Guide to Gaining Business Value from Mobile Technologies a book by Adam Kornaks expresses mobility as business transactions and data access at any time from any device, anywhere using wireless technology.Kornak (Pp. 4-5) (2004)

Adam Kornak的《从移动技术中获取商业价值的企业指南》一书将移动性描述为“在任何时间、任何地点、任何设备上使用无线技术进行商业交易和访问数据”。《Kornak(4-5)(2004)

 

Moreover, Deloitte stress in mobile one size does not fit all. Retailers should take steps to understand their customers and how they shop within specific product categories.Retailers have the ability to shape and use the technology to enhance their shopping experience.

 

Camponovo (2002) highlights that m-commerce is a very promising and an emerging industry, however highlights that due to technology continuously changing the m-commerce industry is complex and a very uncertain environment. Futhermore, Camponovo (2002) paper on m-commerce business models highlights that many big players in the industry are still experimenting with a variety of technologies and business models with the long term view of trying to implement a profitable and sustainable position.

 

Overall there are many uncertainties in the m-commere sector as in what technologies will have a transformative influence, and what technologies are just hype? This is a normal for emerging industries. As a consequence retailers must try a variety of strategic approaches as well as continually revaluating and repositioning themselves in order to be in the most competitive position possible.

 

4. Why do retailers spend much of their IT budget on M-Commerce?

 

Michael Moeser, Javelin payments practice director stated Mobile is the growth engine of digital commerce.In the US a survey by Javelin predicted that the market share of purchases by smart devices will grow to $319 billion by 2020 from $122 billion in 2015.

 

eMarketers numbers suggest, a huge amount of sales are being missed out by retailers. They indicated that many retailers websites are not mobile friendly/accessible. According to eMarketers consumers are influenced up to One-third more by searching for additional information on products via smart/mobile device

 

Richard Lowe, CEO, BT Expedite highlighted recently that huge retailers are investing in technology and have set aside up to Many retailers are struggling to keep pace with the rapidly changing requirements of multichannel operations with legacy systems slowing them down. Replacing these systems is vital for gaining competitive advantage.

BT Expedite首席执行官Richard Lowe最近强调,大型零售商正在对技术进行投资,并已准备好“许多零售商正在努力跟上多渠道业务快速变化的需求,遗留系统会减慢他们的速度。替换这些系统对于获得竞争优势至关重要。”

 

Retailers need to focus on their mobile apps, mobile marketing and facilitating the omnichannel buying experience,Mr. Moeser said. Consumers are more willing than ever to receive mobile marketing messages from retailers and willing to act upon them.

 

Millennial shoppers aged 25-34 from a recent study show they are the top and largest users in the mobile commerce area. With this in mind it is important for retailers to streamline their services and offer a user friendly experience across multiple services. With the statistic of 87% of 25-34 year olds have at least purchased a product online this highlights the shift and the importance of integrating technology.

最近的一项研究显示,年龄在25-34岁的千禧一代购物者是移动商务领域的头号和最大用户。考虑到这一点,对于零售商来说,简化他们的服务并在多种服务中提供用户友好的体验是很重要的。据统计,25-34岁的人群中有87%的人至少在网上购买过产品,这凸显了集成技术的转变和重要性。

 

Recent study shows that the largest share of mobile commerce will come from millennial shoppers, as the top users of mcommerce shopping are individuals aged 25 to 34. Eighty-seven percent of that demographic has purchased something online in the past month, showcasing the importance for retailers to offer streamlined checkout options.

 工商管理 Essay怎么写

5. Discuss the impact of M-Commerce on competition among retailers.讨论移动商务对零售商竞争的影响。

According to David Eads (2011) a survey found that 90% of retailers believe that mobile commerce is already impacting shopping activities and that shoppers are gradually demanding a seamless mobile shopping experience, with over 60% of shoppers choices being mobile influenced for instore purchases, with 40% using mobile apps to make shopping decisions and 37% using a combination of the two.These statistics illustrate the barriers retailers are facing that are stopping them from introducing end-to-end mobile commerce strategies.

根据David Eads(2011)的一项调查发现,90%的零售商认为移动商务已经影响了购物活动,购物者正逐渐要求无缝的移动购物体验,超过60%的购物者在商店购买时的选择受到移动的影响,40%的人使用手机应用来做购物决定,37%的人同时使用两者。这些数据表明,零售商正面临着阻碍他们引入端到端移动商务战略的障碍。

 

Whether its in the travel, healthcare, retail or the financial industries, the key challenge for businesses to overcome when adopting a complete mobile strategy is the rising level of mobile fragmentation. Ley Valentin, C. (2017) highlights when we look at the best brands in retail the best customers and the best retailers success is an experience that is consistent across all mediums and platforms. There is an extraordinary level of competition in the mobile marketplace with numerous crucial companies persistently developing new technologies, shoppers have never had so many options.

 

Because of MIDs, customers have come to expect a flexible and seamless experience across different channels, whether at their local store or on the social web, whether mobile or at a computer, and whether online or offline (Fulgoni, 2014).

 

6. What are the difficulties in managing mobile technology?6管理移动技术的困难是什么?

There are many opportunities in mobile technology however as Jonas Haertfelder et al (2016) state there are many challenges as well. Piotrowicz et al (2014) highlight the development of social media and in what way it has brought the social network into the store. From sharing prodcuts, experience, product prices pictures, opinions and thoughts. Spaid et al (2014) discuss how customers can post their opinion regarding a sales assistant they have come in contact with or post and share a comment regarding their satisfaction or dissatisfaction of the store. This as Piotrowicz et al (2014) highlight is a problem and challenge for retailers as they have no direct influence on any social network.

移动技术有许多机遇,但正如Jonas Haertfelder等人(2016)所说,也有许多挑战。Piotrowicz等人(2014)强调了社交媒体的发展,以及它是如何将社交网络带入商店的。从分享产品,经验,产品价格图片,意见和想法。Spaid等人(2014)讨论了顾客如何发布他们对接触过的销售助理的意见,或者发布和分享关于他们对商店的满意或不满意的评论。正如Piotrowicz等人(2014)所强调的,这对零售商来说是一个问题和挑战,因为他们对任何社交网络都没有直接影响。

 

Piotrowicz et al (2014) also highlight the organizational challenges that can occur trying to update and maintain multiple technology channels. Fulgoni (2014) develop on this point by discussing that even if a retailer provides different channels, usually there are different people and different departments highlighting the lack of integration within organizations. Zhang et al, (2010) emphasize the need for retailers to optimize and strive to achieve efficiency across channels.

 

Another challenge retailers have is the buying process between channels. Brynjolfsson et al, (2013) mention the showroomphenomenon which invites customers to the store for the physical touch and seebut the purchasing process of the product is online. Verhoef et al., (2015) underline that retailers are in a tricky position as Peltola et al, (2015) stress customers do not separate the different channels, they are all one and the different channels in a customers journey are only continuing to increase.

 

Furthermore, it is important to get the balance of channels correct. A study from 2000 thats has been cited found that the more payment options, frequently leads to a reduction in sales and consumer satisfaction. An example is the variety of mobile payments. Several mobile wallets are unavailable in all geographic positions while shoppers in some sites favour one payment choice over another. A real life example is in the Netherlands, 70-80% of individuals use iDeal, a payment system which isnt used in many other locations or very few.  If you dont have iDeal in Holland, the Dutch wont buy from you. Overall with technology there is always the need for constant optimization to ensure the customer has a fast and simple experience.

 

What is the future for M-Commerce?移动商务的未来是什么?

Ovum predicts by 2026 that a quick and efficient experience will be critical to a retailerssuccess whatever the channel whether that be mobile or desktop. Overall this means that the customer will have the ability to buy a product or service instantaneously and have the ability to see when its on its way to their home. Amazon and Ebay are already driving the market towards this same or next day deliverymentality which is raising customersexpectations.

Ovum预测,到2026年,快速高效的体验将是零售商成功的关键,无论渠道是移动还是台式电脑。总的来说,这意味着客户将能够立即购买产品或服务,并能够看到它何时在回家的路上。亚马逊和Ebay已经把市场推向了“当日送达或次日送达”的心态,这提高了顾客的期望。

 

This will not only occur in the retail sector but across all sectors. AI and Data analysis is predicted to play a huge part in m-commerce and shoppers future experience as they demand and expect their experience to be more related to their lives. Recommendations and product proposals will become vital for retailers, merging social media activity and prior searches to mould and adapt the experience to that individual, whether in the physical store or online via multiple devices.

 

A study by eMarketer reports that social networks users favour messenger apps (54.4%) to get in contact with the retailer as opposed to phone calls email, and traditional discussion (46.6%). H&M and Starbucks are already brands that have already implemented technology like chatbots and messaging services and this will continue to grow throughout the different brands and sectors.The bot technology is still in its emerging period however Verhoef, P et al (2015) state there is enormous potential for this technology in the mcommerce market.

 

Consumers can anticipate Augmented reality (AR) to exhibit how outfits will appear on them before they choose to purchase. From makeup and household furniture, this technology could form the divide between virtual and he real world. Currently, return of goods has always been a problem for retailers however AR could eliminate this as shoppers will have the opportunity to try before they buy.

消费者在选择购买之前,可以预期增强现实(AR)将展示他们身上的服装。从化妆品到家居家具,这项技术可以划分虚拟世界和现实世界。目前,退货一直是零售商面临的一个问题,但AR可以消除这一问题,因为购物者将有机会“先试后买”。

 

According to Statista, in 2017 there were around 2.31 billion smartphones connected to the Web; this number is still growing and in 2020 it will probably reach almost 3.0 billion. Google predicts PWAs are the future of mobile and we think they can also be the future of mobile commerce, solving its most problematic pain points. PWAs combine the best things from the mobile and web approaches Mobile web reach which is 3 times higher than on Apps. It is way easier to launch an internet browser and look for info, a product you need, etc., than to download a particular app, install it, launch it, and so on. This technology is still pretty new and rather in the early stages of development, but some huge e-commerce players have already benefit from it. For example, AliExpress increased conversion rate for new users by 104% with their new PWAs.The airline industry is taking a page from smartphone and computer hardware makers, by dabbling in facial recognition technology to speed up the convenience factor for customers. Recently, Delta Air Lines was the first to launch a biometric terminal in the U.S. for international flights at its Atlanta hub. Passengers can choose to check-in with the optional technology to speed up the process. Trent Gillies

1258/5000

根据Statista的数据,2017年约有23.1亿部智能手机连接到互联网;这一数字仍在增长,到2020年可能会达到近30亿。谷歌预测PWAs是移动的未来,我们认为他们也可以是移动商务的未来,解决其最大的问题痛点。PWAs结合了移动和网页的优点——移动网页的覆盖范围是应用的3倍。比起下载一个特定的应用,安装并启动它,打开一个网络浏览器并寻找你需要的产品等信息要容易得多。这项技术仍然很新,还处于发展的早期阶段,但一些大型电子商务公司已经从中受益。例如,全球速卖通通过其新的PWAs将新用户的转换率提高了104%。航空行业正在向智能手机和电脑硬件制造商学习,通过涉足面部识别技术来加快为客户提供便利的因素。最近,达美航空公司(Delta Air Lines)率先在其亚特兰大枢纽机场为国际航班设立了生物识别终端。乘客可以选择使用可选的技术来加快办理手续的速度。特伦特Gillies

 

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