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dissertation 各部分结构写法详解

时间:2016-01-21 16:37来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
最近,很多同学都向本小站咨询dissertation或者thesis的写法,今日本小站就特别整理了一篇写作指导的小软文供各位留学同学参考阅读。
 
Below are the structure that is commonly used. 下面是论文常用的结构
 
Title page    标题页
Abstract 文摘
Acknowledgements  致谢
Contents page(s)   内容页
Introduction  介绍
Materials and methods or Literature review  材料方法或文献综述
Results or Sources and methods  结果或来源和方法
Discussion or Findings  讨论和研究
Conclusions  结论
References  引用
Appendices  附录
Each section or chapter has its own particular function以上每一节或一章都有自己的特定功能
 
Title page标题页
 
The title itself is an important opportunity to tell the potential reader what your research is about. You will need it to be succinct, specific, descriptive, and representative of the research you have done. There is likely to be a required format for the title page in your discipline, so you need to check what that is.
 
Abstract文摘
 
This may be one of the shortest sections of your thesis or dissertation, but it is worthwhile taking great care to write it well. Essentially, the Abstract is a succinct summary of the research. It should be able to stand alone in representing why and how you did what you did, and what the results and implications are. It is often only one page long, and there may be a word limit to adhere to. The Abstract is an important element of the thesis, and will become a document in its own right if the thesis is registered within any database. The examiners will therefore assess your Abstract both as part of your thesis, and as a potentially independent document.
 
It can be best to write the Abstract last, once you are sure what exactly you are summarising. Alternatively it can be useful to write the abstract earlier on, as an aid to identifying the crucial main thread of your research, its purpose, and its findings, which could then guide the structure of the dissertation.
 
Attending to the very restrictive word / space limit, while at the same including all the relevant material is quite a challenge. It might be useful to look at how others have managed. It is certainly an academic exercise, but perhaps not too different from the concise explanations of your research you may have had to give to relatives and neighbours over the last few years, in terms of its brevity, accessibility, and comprehensiveness.
 
Acknowledgements致谢
 
This is your opportunity to mention individuals who have been particularly helpful. Reading the acknowledgements in other dissertations in your field will give you an idea of the ways in which different kinds of help have been appreciated and mentioned.(责任编辑:cinq)


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