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硕士论文开题报告书(dissertation research proposal)

时间:2015-06-18 10:33来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
介绍—Introduction:
 
在整个二十世纪里零售业向许多方面发展,始于1916年,自助服务作为一个概念性策略,那时克拉伦斯·桑德斯在孟菲斯 田纳西州第一次开自助商店“Piggly Wiggly”。自助服务的概念,帮助零售商降低成本,这样不需要更多的员工为客户服务。(The Economist, Sept 18th-24th 2004)
 
从那时起零售业更进一步完善自助服务的概念,随着IT技术的发展创造了电子设备,允许客户扫描特定产品的价格、包装和由自己在网上支付。服务已经从人与人交流转变为机器服务,且“随时随地”的电子服务已经变得司空见惯(Dabholkar, P. A. 2003)。这些自助服务技术使客户独立完成整个服务过程而不需要相关工作人员的直接援助。客户采购模式是受许多方面影响的,花时间在自助服务器前花时间排队结账。商人和零售商正在寻找不同的方法来改善他们的客户付款系统。当务之急需要运用先进的付款系统来提高办事效率,减少排队花费的时间。我们想调查关于这个创新和先进技术的效果,进一步提高客户服务质量。
 
Retail evolved in many ways over the twentieth century. Self-service as a concept started in 1916, when Clarence Saunders started the first self-service store “Piggly Wiggly” in Memphis, Tennessee. The concept of self-service helped the retailer reduce costs, as fewer workers were required to service the customers. (The Economist, Sept 18th-24th 2004)
 
Since that time the concept of self-service involved even further, with development of IT technologies the creating of electronic device which allow to customer scan the price from a particular product, pack it and pay for it himself. Service has shifted from human interaction to machines substituting service employees and ‘anywhere-anytime' electronic services have become commonplace (Dabholkar, P. A. 2003). These self-service technologies enable customers to perform entire services independently without the need for direct assistance from employees. The customer purchasing pattern is influenced by many ways to spend their time on the waiting lines at the self service checkout. The businessman and the retailers are searching different ways to improve their customer checkout systems. The overwhelming need for business to put the advanced checkout system to improve the efficiency of the waiting lines queues. We would like to investigate about this new innovative and advance technology to further improve customer services.
 
目的—Purpose:
 
The purpose of the research paper is to investigate the changes brought about by implementing an innovative SSC system in supermarket, and its effect on the competitiveness of the company.

目标—Objectives:
 
The main objective of this research paper is to improve customers shopping experience and satisfaction and Investigating about the waiting times in checkout lines by the customers. Customers shopping experience in relation to physiological factors. Compare analysis in relation to others SSC systems by the competitor who are using the same SSC systems. Ease of Use and friendly machine of use of SSC systems by the customers. Assess and compare acquisition implementation and operation cost of self service systems. Management and customers support at self service systems to help and adopt customers to SSC system. Management decision making process about closing appropriate checkout systems is very vital. Health and safety and wheelchair access to these SSC systems are advisable as well. Supermarket SSC survey questionnaire and customers feed back. Investigating about the Management factor so how many items can be taken to the SSC systems. Innovation and competitiveness for future survival in retail industry is very essential and, efficient use of Services is directly related to gain market sale and retain customers and, Finally, Is it feasible to adopt SSC systems in the time of credit crunch.
 
周边环境—The context:
 
“Self-service checkout” (SSC) is an automated process that enables shoppers to scan items and products, and pay for their purchases without human assistance. The shopper carries out the whole checkout process independently, by simply scanning items and paying for them at the end of the process without coming into contact with store personnel. ATMs (ATM = Automatic Teller Machine; for example, bank ATMs.) and grocery self-checkouts were introduced more than 20 years ago. Even though ATMs were not received with enthusiasm when initially introduced, today they are of major significance. The vital use of self checkouts by customers in grocery stores remains to be realized. Dabholkar ET. al. (2003) argues, “Self-scanning in retail stores represents a classic case of a technology-based self-service that failed on its first inception.” This presents a problem to be dealt with. Nonetheless, supermarkets in the UK are rapidly expanding and transforming their businesses through the implementation of self-service checkouts. According to a survey done in the UK, a self-service kiosk can handle the workload of two-and-a-half employees at a fraction of the cost. (The Economist, Sept 18th-24th 2004) This implies that ultimately SSC systems can deliver services cheaply on an immense scale. As a result, companies can save money by replacing human workers with automated self-service systems and customers can concurrently gain more choice and control as well as a faster service. The implementation SSC in the UK supermarkets is a relatively new phenomenon. The first systems were adapted by ASDA six years ago (Thomas Daniel, 2002) and therefore studies conducted relating to the topic are few, but needed, since the number of supermarkets implementing self-service checkouts in the UK are on the rise. Since self-service checkouts in the UK supermarkets are a relatively new phenomenon, the topic of SSC in the UK grocery retailing is a highly interesting and relevant topic to conduct research on.(责任编辑:BUG)


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