HandbookProposal Abstract introduction Literature Review outline swot分析法 pest分析法 pestel analysis case study Methodology Reference 论文题目选题
返回首页

study proposal 范文:国际贸易研究

时间:2016-12-04 09:39来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
世界主要工业国家之间的贸易关系在过去的二十年中急转直下,现在由新的更危险的贸易限制形式的威胁,统称为“新贸易保护主义。”这句话,在上世纪70年代中期提出的,是指复兴的“重商主义”即国家,尤其是工业国家,试图解决或缓解他们的失业问题,滞后的增长和衰退产业实行进口限制和补贴出口。该仪器由进口限制也有所不同,那么透明,比传统的进口关税,并称为非关税壁垒(非关税壁垒)。这些措施指的是“自愿”的出口限制、有序的市场安排、反倾销措施、反补贴税、保障措施等。因此,当关税作为贸易自由化由GATT发起连续两轮部分减少(关税与贸易总协定)和他们目前非常低的大部分工业品,非关税壁垒的数量和重要性已经自20世纪70年代中期以来发展迅速,现已成为非关税障碍国际贸易更重要。现在,世界贸易的50%都受到这种新的贸易保护主义的影响。
 
Trade relations among the world's major industrial nations have taken a turn for the worse during the past two decades and are now threatened by new and more dangerous forms of trade restrictions, collectively known as the "new protectionism." This phrase, coined in the mid 1970s, refers to the revival of "mercantilism" whereby nations, particularly the industrial nations, attempt to solve or alleviate their problems of unemployment, lagging growth, and declining industries by imposing restrictions on imports and subsidizing exports. The instruments by which imports are restricted are also somewhat different from and less transparent than traditional import tariffs, and are called non-tariff barriers (NTBs). These refer to "voluntary" export restraints, orderly marketing arrangements, anti-dumping measures, countervailing duties, safeguard codes, and so on. Thus, at the time when tariffs were being reduced as part of the successive rounds of trade liberalization sponsored by the GATT (General Agreement on Tariff and Trade) and they are presently very low on most industrial goods, the number and importance of NTBs have grown rapidly since the mid 1970s and they have now become more important than tariffs as obstructions to international trade. As much as 50 percent of world trade is now affected by this new protectionism.
 
This new protectionism now represents the greatest threat to the fairly liberal world trading system that has been so painstakingly put together over the past half a century and which has served the world so well since the end of the Second World War
 
Reasons for engaging in international Trade:
Because no one country have all the sources what are the sources they don't have want to get from another countries.
 
They excess of sources want to give needed countries it could make economic profit.(责任编辑:BUG)


------分隔符-------------------------------------
UK Thesis Base Contacts
推荐内容