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标准的案例分析Case Study范文:沃尔沃在韩国的案例研究

时间:2016-12-07 17:15来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
韩国在1990年之前的政治意识形态倾向于关闭所有外国直接投资。政府已制定了严格的限制外国进入该国的零售部门。在20世纪60年代初,政府制定了全面的经济政策的变化,强调出口和劳动密集型轻工业,导致快速债务融资的工业扩张。政府进行了货币改革,加强了金融机构,并引入了灵活的经济规划。在20世纪70年代,韩国开始指导财政和金融政策,促进重化和化学工业,消费电子和汽车。制造业继续在20世纪80年代和90年代初迅速增长。
近年来,韩国经济摆脱了中央计划,政府主导的投资模式走向了一个更加市场化的方向。韩国反弹从1997-98年的亚洲金融危机与国际货币基金组织(IMF)的援助,但其复苏很大程度上是基于广泛的金融改革,恢复稳定市场。1997历史性暴跌后,韩国政府解除外商直接投资包括禁止外国企业在韩国企业敌意收购的规定许多限制。
 
South Korea's political ideology prior to 1990 was inclined towards closing to all Foreign Direct Investment. The government had laid down strict restrictions on foreign entry into the country's retail sector. In the early 1960s, the government instituted sweeping economic policy changes emphasizing exports and labour-intensive light industries, leading to rapid debt-financed industrial expansion. The government carried out a currency reform, strengthened financial institutions, and introduced flexible economic planning. In the 1970s Korea began directing fiscal and financial policies toward promoting heavy and chemical industries, consumer electronics, and automobiles. Manufacturing continued to grow rapidly in the 1980s and early 1990s.
 
In recent years, Korea's economy moved away from the centrally planned, government-directed investment model toward a more market-oriented one. South Korea bounced back from the 1997-98 Asian financial crisis with assistance from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), but its recovery was based largely on extensive financial reforms that restored stability to markets. After the historic slump of 1997, the South Korean government lifted many restrictions of FDI including the regulations which prohibited foreign firms from making hostile takeovers of Korean enterprises.
 
These economic reforms, pushed by President Kim Dae-jung, helped Korea return to growth, with growth rates of 10% in 1999 and 9% in 2000. The slowing global economy and falling exports slowed growth to 3.3% in 2001, prompting consumer stimulus measures that led to 7.0% growth in 2002. Consumer over-shopping and rising household debt, along with external factors, slowed growth to near 3% again in 2003. Economic performance in 2004 improved to 4.6% due to an increase in exports, and remained at or above 4% in 2005, 2006, and 2007. With the onset of the global financial and economic crisis in the third quarter of 2008, annual GDP growth slowed to 2.3% in 2008 and just 0.2% in 2009.(责任编辑:BUG)


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