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认知失调个案研究 Cognitive Dissonance Case Study

时间:2017-11-08 14:26来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
认知失调被描述为“假设减轻不适,我们为自己的行为辩护”的理论。当一个人对他或她的想法产生冲突时,他就会经历认知失调。当一个“事后”发生时,我们的信念尤其可以被说服去改变。当一个人无法改变场景,他们也知道自己做错了什么,认知失调在决策中起到了作用。
当认知失调发生时,你将经历紧张和缺乏和谐。这种感觉导致行为和态度之间的差异。认知失调可能导致不充分的理由,并可能导致更多的不适,这可能导致一个人更积极地相信他或她所做的事。一旦做出决定,他们就有了自己的支持。通常情况下,这些新的腿足够强壮,当一条腿被拉开时——也许是原来的一条腿——这个决定不会崩溃”。在本文中,我们研究了一个由乔命名的场景中的认知失调。乔经历了上述许多解释。描述了一种情况和行为,分析了社会、文化和精神影响,解释了个人行为和道德。讨论了行为和态度之间的相互关系,并解释了个体如何使用认知失调理论使自己的行为合理化。
 
Cognitive Dissonance is described as the theory that "assumes that to reduce discomfort, we justify our actions to ourselves" (Myers, 2008). Cognitive dissonance is experienced each time a person makes a decision surrounding his or her thoughts that are conflicting. Our beliefs can especially be persuaded for change when an "after-the-fact" has occurred. When there is nothing a person can do to change the scenario, and they also know that they have done something wrong, cognitive dissonance plays a role in the decision making.
 
The Scenario
When Joe was driving home from happy hour in the dark (after only two drinks), and drove up over a hill in the road, he had only a moment to think when he attempted to swerve after seeing a flash of silver. He felt a jolt and heard a thud. Immediately he pulled his car over and ran to the side of the road to find a man lying on the pavement still on his bicycle. Joe, panicking, checked the man's pulse, and in finding one, made the split decision to get in his car and drive away. By the time Joe had gotten home, he had justified in his mind that this was not his fault. The man on the bicycle should not have been riding in the dark, had it been daylight, this would not have happened. He thought to himself, had he stayed and called the police, even though he was not drunk, alcohol might have been smelled on his breath and he could have been charged with drunk driving. This would definitely raise his car insurance rates along with the chance that his license could be revoked, both, which he could not afford! "Why was that idiot riding his bike in the dark???" Joe kept thinking to himself "it was almost like he was asking to be run over!"
 (责任编辑:BUG)


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