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变革管理:埃克森美孚案例研究 Change Management: ExxonMobil Case Study(2)

时间:2018-06-29 08:46来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
The management and organization of the company.
The people who work for the company
The historical and political evolution of a company will have a significant bearing on its acceptance of change. The important factors are Base or origin of company, values of company, image it like to promote, traditions and norms practiced by individuals and company policies.
 
Changes will impact the roles of management. These changes consist of structure and operation of organization, style of leadership, role of senior management, and effect of change on workforce, their acceptance and willingness to take remedial measures.
 
Most of the issues in change management are 'people' oriented. Every decision on change 'impacts' the people. All cautions should be exercised in the people oriented changes. Typically with any change people expect a reward pay hike, promotion or other type of recognition. Think carefully the impact of change in every job it affects. [Change & Knowledge Management]
 
Importance of Change Management:
Change Management is proactive support focused on preventing incidents and problems by effective planning.
 
Some of the benefits are:
 
Consistent planning for change
Consistent planning in case of failure of change
Communication with appropriate parties before change occurs
Approval received from appropriate parties before change occurs
Reduction in incidents and problems caused by unplanned change
Time spent on preparation and prevention rather than fire fighting and downtime.
Model of Planned Organizational Change
When organizations are caught flat footed, failing to anticipate or respond to new needs, management is at fault. Change can be managed by observing external trends, patterns and needs, managers use planned change to help the organization to adapt to external problems and opportunities
 
Four events make up the change sequence:
 
Internal and external forces for change exist
Organization managers monitor these forces and become aware of a need for change; and
The perceived need triggers the initiation for change, which
Is then implemented.
How each of these activities is handled depends upon the organization and managers' styles.
 
Forces For Change
Forces for organizational change exist both in the external environment and internally within the organization.
 
Environmental Forces
External forces take its root in all environmental sectors, including client, competitors, technology, economic forces, and the international arena.(责任编辑:cinq)


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