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变革管理:埃克森美孚案例研究 Change Management: ExxonMobil Case Study(9)

时间:2018-06-29 08:46来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
As Exxon Mobil prepared for the future, perhaps the most significant event on the horizon was a change in leadership, environment policy and meeting geo political situation challenges in region such as Middle East, North Africa, and Caspian Sea. However, most of significant is meeting challenges posses by decade old environmental policy of non acceptance of Green House gases (GHG) effect on climate. This Organizational Change is discussed in depth in next part of report.
Old Guards and Organization Resistance toward Climate Change:
ExxonMobil released its 2005 Corporate Citizenship Report (May 2006) and its report on Tomorrow's Energy (February 2006). Both make clear that Exxon's fundamental business approach and thinking on climate change had not changed. The company firmly believes that oil is the future and that concerns about climate change do not merit meaningful investments in clean energy and alternative fuels.
In these two reports, ExxonMobil acknowledges that human activities have contributed to the increased concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHG) and that this accumulation "poses risks that may prove significant for society and ecosystems." The company declares that "these risks justify actions now, but the selection of actions must consider the uncertainties that remain." Exxon then goes on to describe:
the complexities of climate science;
the limits of climate knowledge;
the limits of current climate models;
the uncertainty of projections
ExxonMobil declares that "even with many scientific uncertainties," action is still justified. However, by emphasizing the remaining points of uncertainty rather than the scientific consensus that has emerged on the human role in climate change, ExxonMobil continued to take a deliberative approach that casts climate change as a long-term problem rather than a priority for near-term action.
Despite their rhetoric, ExxonMobil was not taking the actions needed to address the financial and competitive risks posed by climate change due to inherent organizational resistance to change. Leadership shrugs off from taking decisive actions and taking lead toward this grave issue.
ExxonMobil operates on the assumption that oil and gas will continue to represent a large percentage of the energy mix, whereas renewable energy sources will remain minimal.
In contrast, the private venture capital community has begun investing heavily in clean energy technology, as have ExxonMobil's competitors. ExxonMobil continues to lag behind. ExxonMobil lags behind competitors like BP and Royal Dutch Shell on low-carbon leadership

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