返回首页

关于中小企业(SME)管理的留学生论文

时间:2017-05-12 11:18来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
中小企业(SME)一直被视为重要的世界主要经济体。商业观察家认为中小企业在发展知识经济中扮演着重要的角色。侯赛因等。中小型企业是创新的源泉、创业精神、竞争的驱动力和创造就业的机制。根据研究在20世纪80年代和20世纪90年代,得出的结论是小公司在很大程度上促成了英国和美国创造工作。英国纺织服装业充满了中小企业,多数是家族企业
在国际上,有各种各样的定义为中小企业。没有一个简单的定义可以构成一个小企业。通过麦克伯顿报告提供定义。麦克伯顿(1971)提出了一个定性或经济的方法,试图捕捉的多样性和范围较小的企业相比较大的企业。1996欧盟想出了更统一的定义是2004进一步更新由于通货膨胀和生产率的变化。欧盟认为有三种类型的小企业。微、中小型、各有不同的员工,营业额和资产门槛。这三组大小非附属企业组成了被称为小型和中小型企业。
 
The small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) sector has always been seen as important to the major world's economies (Burns, 2007). Business observers consider SMEs play an important role in developing knowledge-based economy (Deakins et al., 2000). Hussain et al. (2006) states SMEs are source of innovation, entrepreneurship, a driver of competition and a mechanism for creating jobs which was also supported by Burns (2007). As per research in 1980s and 1990s, it was concluded that small firms has largely contributed to UK and US for creating job (Carter and Jones-Evans, 2006). UK's textile and clothing sector is full of SMEs, and majority are family businesses (Keynote, 2007)
 
Internationally, there is a wide variety of definitions for SMEs (Carter and Jones-Evans, 2006). There is no single and simple definition which can constitutes a small enterprise. Bolton (1971) tried to provide definition by Bolton report. Bolton (1971) suggested a qualitative or economic approach that tried to capture the diversity and range of the smaller enterprise compared with the larger enterprise (Carter and Jones-Evans, 2006). In 1996 EU came up with more uniform definition which was further updated in 2004 because of inflation and productivity changes (Deakins and Freel, 2006). EU believes there are three types of smaller enterprises (see Table 2.1). Micros, small and medium sized and each of these has different employees, turnover and asset thresholds. These three-size groups of non-subsidiary businesses make up what are termed small and medium - sized enterprises(Deakins and Freel, 2006).
 
In 2000 the European council has said for small Enterprises as the "backbone of European economy", through which the environment for small business may be improved (Deakins and Freel, 2006). Now even the small business has the potential to trade in global market. This has placed them on an equal footing to their large competitors, who are already established in the international marketplace, and this is only possible because of competitive progress, strategic opportunities and commercial relationship of small firms (Ritchie and Brindley, 2000). On the other hand, because of increasing competition, SMEs will find it difficult to avoid risk from increasing global competition in local and international market (Ritchie and Brindley, 2000). Glaister and Buckley (1996) see cooperation between firms primarily as a means of gaining significant presence in a new market, enabling faster entry to the market and achieving greater international market penetration. With the recent competition of Asian and Northern African firms, European textile and clothing SME's are forced to find new ways of doing business or alternatively they will die. There are number of other factor which leave SMEs to limit themselves as compare to other large companies for example SMEs can not raise capital in the same way as the large organisation can, as a result they can not adopt expensive advertising and promotion campaigns (Burns, 2007). Slack et al. (2001) has also described 'decision making' as problem in SMEs. Further Gilmore et al. (2001) argue that, all these characters vary as per potential of entrepreneur or owner/manager; and they may be decided by the potential size and stage of development of the enterprise or such limitation can be truncation as limited resources, lack of specialist expertise and limited impact in the marketplace. Gilmore et al. (2001) also considers SME's marketing as informal, haphazard, loose, spontaneous, and unstructured, built upon, reactive and conforming to industry norms. SMEs do not believe on conventional marketing characteristics of marketing theories because they run as per owner, where a decision making is haphazard and according to business and personal needs (Gilmore et al., 2001).(责任编辑:BUG)


------分隔符-------------------------------------
UK Thesis Base Contacts
推荐内容