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留学生论文写作如何避免重复性表达

时间:2018-01-23 14:22来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
众所周知留学生论文在写作内容和方式上和国内的论文存在巨大差别,最明显的就是简洁性是其写作原则之一。在写作留学生论文时,我们除了要避免使用冗余的词之外,更重要的还需要注意在写作中要减少甚至是避免重复性表达。英国论文网通过一些示例来为大家分析哪些写作内容属于重复性表达,以此来帮助广大留学生顺利完成论文写作。
 
重复性表达情况1:「A词的含义包含B词的含义」
 
例①:The results are plotted graphically. . .
 
改进:The results are plotted ...
 
分析:plot本身就是作图的意思,所以graphically可以去掉。如果要用graphically,可以写成:The results are represented graphically. . .,但这显然没有The results are plotted ...简洁。
 
顺便提一下,表示“绘制”和survival curves搭配的动词如下:
 
To generate survival curves
 
To plot survival curves
 
To construct survival curves
 
例②:This arrangement avoids the rebreathing of previously exhaled gases...
 
改进:This arrangement avoids rebreathing...
 
分析:rebreathing的意思就是吸入已经呼出的气体,所以This arrangement avoids rebreathing  ...即可。
 
例③:. . .fully complies with the requirements needed in . . .
 
改进:. . .fully complies with the requirements in . . .
 
分析:requirement和need意思相近,可以去掉needed。
 
例④:. . .operations of varying magnitude, ranging from simple drainage to a full laparotomy.
 
改进:. . .operations from simple drainage to a full laparotomy.
 
分析:“of varying magnitude”、“ranging”和 “from...to...”都是关于范围的表达,可以简化成:operations from simple drainage to a full laparotomy。
 
例⑤:It is possible that our results might have been better had we. . .
 
改进:Our results might have been better had we. . .
 
分析:“It is possible that ”和“might”意思相同,二者取其一即可。
 
例⑥:Myoclonus and myelinolysis may follow as sequelae.
 
改进:Myoclonus and myelinolysis may be sequelae.
 
分析:sequelae必然follow,所以可以去掉follow。(责任编辑:quanlei_cai)


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