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留学生论文:浅谈欧盟国家职场性骚扰

时间:2020-09-24 11:12来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

1.1 Types of sexual harassment性骚扰类型 

性骚扰可以采取不同的形式,但我们可以分为四种类型。口头形式口头的性本能,包括性骚扰、性活动的命题或压力;继续建议职场之外的社会活动后,它已明确表示,这样的建议是不受欢迎的;进攻调情;暗示;讽刺或猥亵的评论。这种行为定义了女性作为性对象而不是工作同事的角色。在口头形式的骚扰,'性笑话'是最经常经历的。在丹麦,德国,卢森堡,荷兰,瑞典和英国的6项研究,表明本文进行约60%的发病率变化趋势相似(56% - 81%)。只有芬兰国家的研究有27%的较低的速度,但在这项研究中,性笑话是最常见的经验类型的性骚扰。分支与职业研究呈现相同趋势。另一种常见的性骚扰是“关于性和性行为的言论”。非言语形式的非言语行为的性指的是色情或色情图片显示,物体或书面材料;送秋波,吹口哨,或有性暗示的手势。这些行为可能会让女人感到不舒服或受到威胁,并破坏了一个女人的地位,寻求与她的同事与专业尊严。在非语言形式的骚扰“凝视和呼啸”是最常见的骚扰形式。凝视和德国、奥地利、卢森堡、瑞典的吹口哨的发生率,与英国的研究在50-85%,相比之下,有13%的发病率较低的芬兰研究。大多数的分支研究表明50-90%之间的发病率。

Sexual harassment can take different forms, but we can categorize them in four types. Verbal forms Verbal conduct of a sexual nature may include unwelcome sexual advances, propositions or pressure for sexual activity; continued suggestions for social activity outside the workplace after it has been made clear that such suggestion is unwelcome; offensive flirtations; suggestive remarks; innuendoes or lewd comments. Such behavior defines women’s role as sexual object rather than a work colleague.  Within the verbal forms of harassment,  ‘sexual jokes’ are the ones most frequently experienced. The 6 studies in Denmark, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United Kingdom show a similar tendency in the incidence rates of this conduct of around 60% (between 56%-81%). Only the Finnish national study has a lower rate of 27%, but in this study too, ‘sexual jokes’ are the most frequently experienced type of sexual harassment. The branch and occupation studies present the same tendency. Another frequently reported type of sexual harassment is ‘remarks about figure and sexual behavior’. Nonverbal forms Non-verbal conduct of a sexual nature refers to the display of pornographic or sexually suggestive pictures, objects or written materials; leering, whistling, or making sexually suggestive gestures. These behaviors may make women feel uncomfortable or threatened and undermine the position of a woman who seeks to deal with her fellow employees with professional dignity. Within the nonverbal forms of harassment ‘staring and whistling’ is the most frequently reported form of harassment. The incidence rate for staring and whistling in the German, Austrian, Luxembourg, Swedish, and UK research studies is between 50-85%, in contrast to the Finnish studies which have lower incidence rates of 13%. A majority of the branch studies show an incidence rate of between 50-90%.(责任编辑:周海霞)



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