返回首页

英国2004年未成年人法案课程作业

时间:2015-09-28 10:31:47 来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
英国2004年版未成年人法案
The Children Act 2004 Children And Young People Essay
 
英国儿童法案在1989年被首次引入并于2004年在维多利亚克里比的死亡案调查后被修正。2000年,在年仅8岁的维多利亚克里比死亡案之后,英格兰政府开始要求主簿官拿出一份调查报告以探究儿童保护体系是否需要出台一份新的监管和指导法案。作为政府对维多利亚克里比死亡案报道的回应,调查报告既是保护儿童安全的报告也是儿童问题的绿皮书,进而促进了2004年儿童法案的出台。
该法案最终目的是为所有英格兰儿童提供更好更安全的生活。
该法案同时规定了儿童专员。
由地方当局安排提供并实施儿童和年轻人服务的人员;
处理威尔士关于家庭诉讼的建议和服务
处理私人培养,儿童日常托管看护,评估采用,合理解释,作为感谢孩子和其家庭的津贴,儿童安全订单,儿童威尔士专员
出版有关儿童从事的法律案件和税务局发布的儿童数据
政府的目的是为每一个孩子,无论出生背景还是家境条件,都能提供他们所需的帮助:
1.保持健康 :身心上健康,以及身处健康的生活环境中
2.保证安全:远离危害以及负面环境。
3.享受和实现:成为成年人前,尽最大努力学习各项技能。
4.做有益的贡献:和社会公众接触,不做出反社会或犯罪行为。
5.经济支持:不会因为经济问题被禁止得到他们所有成长所需。

 
The Children Act was first introduced in 1989 and was amended in 2004 after an inquiry into the death of Victoria Climbie. After the death of eight-year old Victoria Climbié in 2000, Lord Laming was asked by the Government to carry out an investigation to know if new regulation and guidance were needed to develop the safeguard of child system in England. The Government's answer to the Victoria Climbié Inquiry report (Laming, 2003) was the Keeping children safe report (DfES, 2003) and the Every child matters green paper (DfES, 2003), which in turn led to the Children Act 2004.
This Act's ultimate purpose is to make the UK better and safer for children of all ages.
The Act also created a Children's Commissioner;
putting in place services provided to and for children and young people by local authorities and other persons;
dealing with Wales about advisory and support services in regards to family proceedings;
dealing with private fostering, child minding and day care, adoption assessment panels, the explanation of reasonable penalty, the making of allowances as respects children and families, child safety orders, the Children's Commissioner for Wales,
The publication of material in connection to children dealing in legal cases and the release by the Inland Revenue of data relating to children.
The government aims is for every child whatever their background or their conditions, to have the backing they need to:
be healthy i.e. enjoying good physical and mental health and living a healthy lifestyle;
to stay safe i.e. to be free from harm and negligence;
to enjoy and achieve i.e. to make the most out of life and to develop the skills to become an adult;
to make a positive contribution i.e. to be in touch with the community and society and not taking part in anti-social or criminal conduct;
To achieve economic well-being i.e. not being prohibited by financial difficulty from reaching their full ability in life.
The green paper suggested improvements was into four main areas which are assisting parents and carers, early involvement and effective security, responsibility and combination - locally, regionally and nationally and staff improvement.

保证健康 Being healthy 
It is shown by a study that those smoking regularly aged 11-15 in England has gone down since 1996 from 13 to 10 percent. But obesity level is rising. Between 1996 and 2001 the number of children who were obese having between 6-15 years old in England increase by 4 percent.#p#分页标题#e#
Young rates of pregnancy were lower by 10 percent in 2001 than in 1998. But UK still has the most teenage pregnancies in Europe.
The World Health Organisation published a report in 2002 that UK had the least suicide rate amongst 26 countries, but suicide is still responsible for 20 per cent of young deaths.
Staying safe 保证安全
In March 2002, 59,700 children were in care in England, which is an increase of 22 percent since March 1994. But, the number on child protection registers in England have been decreasing as there were only 25,700 in March 2002 compared to 38,600 ten years earlier.
Between 1981 and 2001 the percentage of young boys in England and Wales reprimanded or sentenced of a crime decreased from 7 per cent of young boys to 5 per cent, but the same rate for girls increased from 1.3 to 1.4 per cent.
A research of criminal and harassment found that 46 percent being the target of some kind of crime in the last 12 months among those aged 11 to 16 in ordinary schools.
In most cases of domestic violence where around one in ten women involved yearly, their children were present in the same or next room, and one in three child safeguard circumstances points to a past of domestic violence against the mother.

享受和实现 Enjoying and achieving 
The number of those aged 11 reaching the normal level in English and maths went up by 12 percent, from 63 percent to 75 percent and from 61 percent to 73 percent in English and maths respectively since 1997.
In 2002 more than half of 15 year olds got a minimum of five GCSEs at grades A*-C, a rise of more than 6 percent since 1997. However success is not steady through diverse ethnic groups like for example pupils from Chinese and Indian backgrounds succeed considerably over regular GCSE results; black pupils and those from Pakistani and Bangladeshi backgrounds do inferior in their GCSE results.
Non-attendance has stayed the same from 1995/96 at 0.7 percent of half days absent.
At the end of 2001, in every eleven youngsters having 16-18 years old, one was not in education, work or training and in every four youngsters between 16 and 18, one spend time out of education, training and employment.

做有益的贡献 Making a positive contribution 
A new research of secondary students who are 11 to 18 years old showed that 86 percent had taken part in certain sort of community activity in the previous year and half participated in raising fund or gathering cash for charity.
From the 2001 General Election, assessments found that attendance was lowest between those aged 18-24, as only two in five casted their vote.

经济补助 Economic well-being 
Between 1992 and 1995, 19 percent of children stayed in working age jobless homes, but in 2003, the percentage had fallen to 15.2.
The percentage of children staying in homes with comparatively low earnings decreased between 1996-97 and 2001-02 from 34 to 30 after housing expenses. The percentage of children staying in homes with virtually low earnings fell largely from 34 percent to 20 percent after housing deductions.#p#分页标题#e#
The Children's Act 2004 established a Children's Fund which is aimed to support in the abolition of poverty and economic difficulties felt by disadvantaged children or those whose family's monetary conditions leave them deprived by making sure that children aged between five and thirteen attend school regularly and also decreasing the risk of crime being carried out by these children, so that they can get the best promising start of their life.
The Children's Act 2004 specially caters for disabled children. Local authorities have a responsibility under the Act to arrange for facilities to 'children in need' if these amenities will aid keeping a child safe and healthy.
After the death of baby P, there was a review conducted by Lord Laming which suggested that those dealing with children need to be properly trained to detect any problem so that social workers or other practitioners can better safeguard children under their responsibility.
The Children Act 2004 provides a strong emphasis and a new approach to children's services but is not sufficient in itself. Its application must be part of an extensive progression of transformation, concentrating on results and brought onward by local transformation packages in 150 Local Authority regions set within a national structure.
The National Service Framework for Children, Young People and Maternity Services (NSF) is fundamental to this. It put forward a ten-year plan to encourage durable and continual progress in children's health and well-being.
As it is applied by Primary Care Trusts (PCTs), Local Authorities and other groups including other health bodies, it will add to the realisation of the five outcomes.
 
(责任编辑:www.ukthesis.org)


------分隔符-------------------------------------
UK Thesis Base Contacts
推荐内容
  • 法律作业:我们所知道的国际法...

    本文把国际法与其他法律进行了比较,也以联合国制定的国际法为一个例子,告诉了我们所知道的国际法以及它的正式形成。...

  • 议会制度的比较

    在议会制度中,大部分的机构都有两种类型的机构,在整个国家的运转中,共同工作。其中一个是下议院,另一个是上议院。议会制度的透明,责任,生产力和遵循法度,避免国家经......

  • Law Essays-知识产...

    知识产权可以是任何商业价值的工具,知识产权涵盖了广泛的情况和产品,最常见的权利是设计,版权,专利和商标。这些知识产权的目的是保护不同领域的发明。...

  • 了解世界的法律体系Law E...

    本文主要简述了世界法律体系的法律。由普通法律体系,民法体系,法律制度之间的差异和相似之处,刑法和民法这几部分组成。 ...

  • 法律系作业:The Liti...

    本文是一篇关于法律学专业的留学生选择课程和职业发扎方向的课程作业,在法律学校,最难解决的问题之一就是选择一个诉讼还是事务性的职业。本文介绍了两者负责的主要内容,......

  • 法学专业留学essay的写作...

    对于需要书定留学生论文的朋友们来说,很多专业的要求并不太清楚,所以很难撰写出来一篇合格的论文,本网站可以提供各种专业的论文代写服务。...