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法律作业:我们所知道的国际法的正式形成

时间:2015-12-01 17:12来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
法律作业:我们所知道的国际法的正式形成
The Official Formation Of International Law As We Know It
 
就我们所知,在1945年,国际法正式形成。国际法和其他法律之间主要的不同点,总的来说,国际法主要处理一个国家,然而一个国家特定的法律体系处理在他们各自国家里的个人。最重要的两个法律是国际私法与国际公法。个人,司法或自然之间的纷争,起于缺乏情景,通过国际私法处理与多个国家有至关重要的关系,而通过公众的国际法处理许多公民或国家之间的权利问题。
 
世界主体,像联合国制定了有某些规章制度的国际法,这是由成员国同意的,随后也要遵守它。国际也能通过国际协议制定,在这种情况下,协议为协议的当事人制定法律。国际法只有在维护世界和平中所起的作用很小。这里有很多不同国家之间的规则和协议关于如何着手他们各自的冲突,但是在一天结束的时候,这些法律的执行是有问题的。很明显,国际法律有可潜力去管理冲突和给许多问题提供解决方案。当前国际法律的结构往往倾向于国家的特定集团。通常这种法律的来源是强大的国家,同样地如果法律支持强大的国家,那么他们就会更有影响力。在塑造由联合国制定的国际法中的影响,这是一个例子,很明显,影响是不一致的。
 
In 1945, international law as we know it was officially formed. The main difference between International laws and other local legal laws is that international laws mainly deal with a nation as a whole whereas a country specific legal system deals with individuals within their respective nations. The two laws of prime importance are private international law and public international law. The disputes amongst private individuals, juridical or natural, arising out of scenarios which have a vital relationship with more than one nation are dealt by private international laws whereas the questions of rights among numerous citizens or nations are dealt by the public international laws.
 
World bodies such as the United Nations have framed the international laws in which certain rules and regulations are agreed upon by member countries to follow upon. International laws can also be set up by international agreements in which case the agreements sets up the laws for the parties of the agreement. International law has only played a minimal role in maintaining world peace. There are a lot of rules and agreements between various nations on how to go about with their respective conflicts, however at the end of the day, enforcement of such laws are problematic. It is highly evident that the international laws have the potential to manage conflicts and provide solutions to a number of problems. The structure of the current international law often favors specific groups of countries. Typically the source of such laws is the powerful nations and as such the laws are more influential if they support the powerful nations. The influence in shaping up the international law framed by the United Nations is an example as it is evident that the influences are inconsistent.(责任编辑:cinq)


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