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International Business Management留学生论文:加入世界贸易组织后的巴基斯坦纺织业

时间:2016-08-17 20:39来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
International Business Management留学生论文:加入世界贸易组织后的巴基斯坦纺织业
Textile industry of Pakistan before and after the WTO
 
1947年关贸总协定巴基斯坦是其中之一。巴基斯坦参加了所有的关贸总协定谈判。加入世界贸易组织是由于巴基斯坦在乌拉圭回合的存在。成立于1995年的巴基斯坦创始成员国之一。世界贸易组织对巴基斯坦经济的各个部门的影响最大,尤其是在农业、纺织和服务业方面。我们可以预测只有少数部门,因为其他部门是难以预测的。
如果我们谈论的是工业部门,巴基斯坦的主要出口是纺织和产品相关的。在世贸组织的统治下,巴基斯坦的非纺织产品可以忽略不计,但有潜力增长。在进口方面,巴基斯坦正在改善其关税结构,因为贸易自由化原则上说,加入世贸组织。在巴基斯坦的平均税是百分之17,所以它是确保没有更坏的贸易自由化对国内产业或产品的影响。有必要对国内产业进行适当调整,以使它们在全球市场上面临竞争。自由贸易环境下的协议被认定为纺织服装(ATC)在一月2005。根据这一所有的纺织和服装产品进行了整合,这是巴基斯坦的重大变化。巴基斯坦的经济严重依赖纺织和服装,因为纺织业是劳动密集型和资本密集型的产业。出口在自由配额贸易下的全球竞争力。
 
Industry before WTO:入世前的产业:
In 1947 among 23 founder of GATT Pakistan was one of them. Pakistan participated in all the GATT negotiations actively. WTO was formed due to the presence of Pakistan in Uruguay round. Among founding members of WTO which was established in 1995 Pakistan was also one of them. WTO has greatest impact on all sectors of Pakistan's economy, especially on its agriculture, textile and services. We can predict only few sectors because other sectors are difficult to predict.
 
If we talk about industrial sector Pakistan's main export is textile and products related to it. Under the WTO regime Pakistan's non textile products are negligible but have potential to grow. On the import side Pakistan is improving its tariff structure because of trade liberalization principle said by WTO. Average tax in Pakistan is 17 percent so it is ensure that there are no worse effects of trade liberalization on the domestic industry or products. There is a need for proper adjustment for domestic industry so that they may face the competition in global market. Under the free trade environment an agreement was held named as textile and clothing ( ATC ) in January 2005. According to this all textile and clothing products were integrated and this was the significant change for Pakistan. Economy of Pakistan heavily dependent on the textile and clothing because the textile industry is labor intensive and less capital intensive. Exports are globally competitive under free Quota trade.(责任编辑:BUG)


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